APUSH  Chapter 27 Review Questions                                Name: _________________________
Teacher: Mr. Cap





Chapter 27 Review Questions
Briefly identify the meaning and significance of the following terms:
1. Kellogg-Briand Treaty ________________________________________________________________
2. Washington Conference______________________________________________________________
3. Adolf Hitler ________________________________________________________________________
4. Nye Committee _____________________________________________________________________
5. America First Committee ______________________________________________________________
6. War Production Board ________________________________________________________________
7. Fair Employment Practices Committee ___________________________________________________
8. "Zoot Suit" Riots ____________________________________________________________________
9. D-Day ____________________________________________________________________________
10. Manhattan Project ____________________________________________________________________
A. Match the following world leaders with the appropriate description:
_____1. Haile Selassie a. dictator of Italy before and during World
War II
_____2. Chiang Kai-shek b. emperor of Ethiopia during the Italian
_____3. Hideki Tojo c. leader of the Soviet Union during World
War II
_____4. Charles de Gaulle d. leader of the Nationalist Chinese during
World War II
_____5. Joseph Stalin e. Japanese army militant who became
premier in 1941
f. leader of exile government known as the
Free French
B. Match the following leaders with the appropriate description:
_____1. Cordell Hull a. head of the Committee to Defend
America by aiding the Allies
_____2. Gerald Nye b. aviator-hero and member of the
America First Committee
_____3. William Allen White c. Secretary of State under President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
_____4. Donald Nelson d. African American labor leader who
demanded equal employment opportunities
during World War II
_____5. A. Philip Randolph e. Sears, Roebuck executive and head of
the War Production Board
f. senator who sponsored the neutrality
acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937
Answer the question or complete the statement by filling in the blanks with the correct word or words.
1. The 1928 treaty intended to outlaw war was the .
2. The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine was repudiated by the .
3. A 1921 attempt to achieve naval disarmament was called the .
4. To avoid a two-front war, Hitler signed the with Russia.
5. The Republicans nominated ex-Democrat to run against President Roosevelt in 1940.
6. The German Afrika Korps was led by .
7. The American leader of the naval attack on key Japanese islands in the Pacific was
8. President Roosevelt dropped his liberal vice president Henry Wallace in 1944 and chose the moderate
9. A developing split between the Soviet Union and the United States became apparent at the July 1945
meeting at .
10. A committee headed by ________________ suggested dropping an atomic bomb on a Japanese city.
Mark the following statements either T (True) or F (False):
1. United States tariff policy of the 1920s welcomed European products and thus helped the Allies
pay their war debts.
2. The United States remained aloof from the problems of Europe between the wars.
3. The United States achieved some foreign policy successes in Latin America between the wars.
4. Economic depression and the threat of war made the United States more isolationist in the 1930s.
5. Americans were eager to oppose the rise of fascism in Europe in the 1930s.
6. American neutrality was inconsequential in the affairs of Europe in the 1920s.
7. President Roosevelt believed that a German victory threatened American security.
8. Because of Pearl Harbor, the United States decided to defeat the Japanese first before attacking
9. The Soviet Union suffered more losses of life and property than did the other Allies fighting the
Nazi threat.
10. President Truman considered for several months the decision to drop the atomic bomb.
Circle the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1. After World War I the United States
a. lowered tariffs to encourage trade.
b. was the richest nation on Earth.
c. canceled its allies' war debts.
d. aggressively sought collective security.
e. acted as a global peacekeeper.
2. Regarding Latin America, President Roosevelt
a. succeeded in improving relations and renounced the imperialism of the past.
b. followed a combination of the "big stick" and "dollar diplomacy."
c. sent marines into several nations.
d. reestablished the "Roosevelt Corollary."
e. attempted to interfere in internal matters.
3. The treaties of the Washington Conference
a. reduced the level of all naval construction.
b. was one of the important accomplishments of the League of Nations.
c. closed the "Open Door" in China.
d. failed to maintain the status quo in the Pacific.
e. provided the United States with security.
4. The United States followed an isolationist policy in the 1930s because
a. World War I had made the world safe for democracy.
b. our European allies had defaulted on American loans.
c. of the Depression and the threat of war.
d. of opposition to the rise of Hitler.
e. the it felt unable to assist the allies leading to the beginning of the war.
5. In the 1930s, Japan, Germany, and Italy were
a. strongly anticommunist.
b. no threat to their neighbors.
c. supporters of the League of Nations.
d. satisfied with the world status quo.
e. fiercely competitive in international affairs.
6. Which of the following was not an element of the pacifist movement of the 1930s?
a. the novel All Quiet on the Western Front
b. the efforts of rich families such as the Krupps and the DuPonts
c. American youth on college campuses
d. the “merchants-of-death” thesis
e. none of the above.
7. The neutrality acts
a. tried to insulate the United States from European problems.
b. had no impact on European affairs.
a. received the strong support of President Roosevelt.
d. limited the war to Europe and Asia.
e. was opposed by Congress.
8. Increasing defense expenditures, the peacetime draft, and lend-lease indicated that Americans
a. wanted to declare war on Germany.
b. were suspicious of the Soviet Union.
c. wanted to respond to Pearl Harbor.
d. desired to dominate Latin America.
e. feared the results of German victory.
9. The effect of the attack on Pearl Harbor was to
a. divide the country politically on foreign policy.
b. bring about war with Japan but not Germany.
c. shock Americans into an awareness of the Axis threat.
d. all of the above.
e. none of the above.
10. The wartime Allied coalition was
a. especially close and effective between the United States and Britain.
b. based on American and Free French cooperation.
c. no more effective than the Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Axis.
d. difficult because the United States had not recognized the Soviet Union.
e. ineffective in maintaining common military efforts.
11. At the meeting of the Western Allies at Casablanca it was decided that
a. the war in Europe was successful enough to avoid a beachhead assault.
b. use of the atomic bomb would be restricted to Asia.
c. Russia would create a “second front” with Germany.
d. they would fight the Axis powers until they achieved an unconditional surrender.
e. there was a need for numerous beachhead assaults along the west and south of Europe.
12. Americans who stayed at home during World War II
a. had to make major adjustments in their lives.
b. found that society changed little.
c. seldom moved.
d. could at least enjoy the abundance of consumer goods.
e. were seldom employed in the war effort on the homefront.
13. Which of the following was not a U.S. problem of the war years?
a. a housing shortage
b. racial problems in integrated combat units
c. racial discrimination in industry
d. an increased divorce rate
e. none of the above.
14. Japanese Americans were
a. treated as badly as Germany treated Jews.
b. permitted to be a part of the Atlantic campaign.
c. allowed to fight but only in the Pacific.
d. treated differently depending on whether they were first- or second-generation immigrants.
e. often denied their liberty and their property.
15. The 1944 Republican presidential nominee, Thomas E. Dewey,
a. ran as a peace candidate.
b. ran as an opponent of the New Deal.
c. focused on the issue of international organization.
d. ran on a campaign to withdraw America from the war.
e. argued that Roosevelt’s health was poor and that Democrats were “soft on communism.”
After Japan’s surprise attack on Pearl Harbor and the subsequent German declaration of war, the United
States decided to concentrate its efforts in Europe and fought a holding action against the Japanese in the
Pacific. Successes in Europe in 1943 allowed the United States to place more men and matériel in the
Pacific theater. Skillful naval warfare in tandem with a methodical “island hopping” campaign brought
the United States within striking distance of the Japanese home islands by the summer of 1945.

1. Label: Japan, Korea, Manchuria, China, Philippines, Malaya, Burma, French Indochina, Australia,
Netherlands (Dutch), East Indies.
2. Label: Aleutian Islands, Midway, Wake Island, Guam, Iwo Jima, Saipan, Okinawa, New Guinea,
Marshall Islands, Solomon Islands, Gilbert Islands, Guadalcanal.
3. Label: Coral Sea, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean.
4. Indicate with a dot, then label: Pearl Harbor, Tokyo, Hiroshima, Nagasaki.
5. Draw a line indicating the furthest extent of Japanese control in Asia and the Pacific during World
War II.
1. What were three countries on the Asian mainland Japan controlled during World War II?
__________________ __________________ __________________
2. What three large island groups did Japan control during World War II? __________________
__________________ __________________
3. The westernmost attack by Japanese forces in the Pacific came on the __________________ Islands.
4. At its furthest extent, the Japanese Empire controlled territory as far north as the
_________________ Islands, as far east as the __________________ Islands, and as far south as the
__________________ Islands.
5. By mid-1945 the islands closest to Japan that were held by the United States were
________________ and _________________.
6. American victories at Guadalcanal and the Coral Sea were important in that they protected United
States supply and communication lines leading to __________________.
7. America’s two-pronged advance across the Pacific was aimed at liberating what former United States
possession that had been captured earlier by Japan? __________________
1. What effect did the geographical factor of distance have on America’s conduct of military operations
in the Pacific theater during World War II?
2. What is the key importance of the geographical position of the Philippine Islands for the balance of
power in the Far Pacific during World War II?
3. What geographical features of Iwo Jima made it the scene of one of the bloodiest campaigns of
World War II?
4. Consider the strategic gains—in access to raw materials, overcoming geographical obstacles, and
increased technological capabilities—the Allies made as they pursued Japan

Updated October 23, 2008