AP US History        Test  chapter 26                 Name: _______________________________
Teacher: Mr. Cap         Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal
Multiple-Choice Questions
1) The most striking characteristic of the stock market in 1929 was
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2) By 1932, what percentage of American workers were unemployed?
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3) The social and economic effects of the Depression
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4) Hoover believed that unemployment relief
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5) The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was designed to
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6) Which of the following was NOT a program of the Hoover administration to ameliorate the Depression?
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7) Hooverʹs response to the Depression could best be described as
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8) Which of the following individuals was blamed by Americans for the Depression?
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9) In the presidential campaign of 1932, Hoover
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10) The ʺHundred Daysʺ was
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11) Rooseveltʹs Hundred Days banking legislation was designed to
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12) During the Hundred Days, Roosevelt did all of the following, except
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13) Franklin D. Rooseveltʹs conduct between 1933 and 1935 could best be described as that of the
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14) The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) was designed to
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15) The blue eagle was a symbol of the
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16) The National Recovery Administration sought to promote economic recovery by
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17) The National Recovery Administration encountered each of the following problems EXCEPT
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18) Labor issues in Rooseveltʹs National Recovery Administration were addressed in
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19) Which of the following New Deal programs did the Supreme Court declare unconstitutional?
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20) As secretary of agriculture, ________ was in charge of farm relief.
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21) Franklin D. Roosevelt and his advisers believed that to restore purchasing power to farmers, production should be
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22) Under the Agricultural Adjustment Act, the federal government paid subsidies to farmers who
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23) Criticisms of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration included each of the following EXCEPT
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24) The Farm Security Administration was designed to
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25) The Agricultural Adjustment Act
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26) The New Deal agency designed to assist sharecroppers in acquiring land of their own was the
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27) A short-lived agency that employed 4 million people to build roads, schools, playgrounds, and athletic facilities was the
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28) Young men were hired to clear land, plant trees, build bridges, and fish ponds by the
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29) Franklin D. Rooseveltʹs initial New Deal legislation was surprisingly
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30) Which New Deal agency was designed to help American artists?
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31) Father Coughlinʹs radio sermons
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32) By 1935, Rooseveltʹs severest critics were
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33) Francis Townsend advocated that the federal government pay $200 each month to
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34) Huey Long advocated
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35) ________ posed the most realistic threat to Rooseveltʹs re-election chances in 1936.
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36) Criticisms of the Social Security Act included each of the following EXCEPT
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37) The Social Security Act of 1935
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38) The National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act
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39) Each of the following is true of the Fair Labor Standards Act EXCEPT
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40) The industrial union movement of the 1930s
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41) In 1935, John L. Lewis organized the
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42) The Congress of Industrial Organizations
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43) The sitdown strike
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44) The individual who was most responsible for promoting African-American rights during the New Deal was
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45) After ________, the WPA denied employment to aliens, a decision that greatly affected Mexican Americans.
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46) The individual who headed the Bureau of Indian Affairs during the New Deal was
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47) The first woman Cabinet member was
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Giving Her a Lift to Town
Caption on car reads: ʺMrs. F.R.ʺ Caption on individual reads ʺForgotten Woman.ʺ
City in the distance is Washington D.C.
(Franklin D. Roosevelt Library)
48) The artist of this cartoon is commenting upon which of the following topics?
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49) By 1935, the New Deal coalition included support from all of the following EXCEPT
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50) Rooseveltʹs ʺcourt packingʺ proposal
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51) In his second term, Roosevelt was stung by each of the following EXCEPT
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True/False Questions
1) The major political impact of the Great Depression was to bring about a strengthening of the
Republican Party.
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2) Federal Reserve monetary policies in the 1920s actually contributed to the speculative boom
that led to the stock market crash of 1929.
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3) The fundamental cause of the Great Depression was that income had not been distributed evenly enough to give people the purchasing power to buy all the consumer goods being produced.
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4) The Supreme Court declared the National Recovery Administration unconstitutional.
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5) The only consistently healthy sector of the economy in the 1920s was agriculture.
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6) The Townsend Plan was a forerunner of the National Labor Relations Act.
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7) The Social Security Act of 1935 included a program of national health insurance.
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8) The New Deal did less for Mexican Americans than for African Americans.
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9) The Indian Reorganization Act was designed to help Native Americans become self -sufficient farmers.
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10) During the Great Depression, the economic status of women declined dramatically.
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Essay Questions
1) Describe the bull market of the 1920s and explain the stock market crash of 1929.
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2) What was the legacy of the New Deal? In what ways did the New Deal change Americansʹ
attitudes toward the role of the federal government in their daily lives?
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3) Why is Franklin D. Roosevelt considered a ʺgreatʺ president? How did his political
philosophy affect both his New Deal policies and executive conduct?
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4) Compare and contrast the respective approaches of Herbert Hoover and Franklin D. Roosevelt
to the issues and problems of the Great Depression.
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5) What were the origins, stipulations, and weaknesses of the New Dealʹs major recovery
programs, the Agricultural Adjustment Act and the National Recovery Administration? Why
did the Supreme Court declare both measures unconstitutional?
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