Biblical Geography Lesson # 3 New King James Version  online:

"Geography of Palestine"  p 43-48 of NT Survey Textbook

Students, take notes over the lesson for a grade.  Write down the green headers/questions then the blue/link as the answers.  Skip lines between each, use two different colored pens.

How big is Palestine?

Jesus lived and ministered in the land of Palestine, an area of about  1. 12,000 square miles.  Palestine proper is about 2. 175 miles from north to south (from Mount Hermon to the southern end of the Dead Sea) and is about

3. 50 miles wide (from the Mediterranean Sea to the Jordan River). 

How is Palestine divided geographically?

  Palestine is divided into four clearly defined topographical features that run north and south between the Mediterranean Sea and the great eastern desert region.

1. the costal plain, which runs along the entire western coast of Palestine. 

The second major topographical feature is the

2. central range (also known as "hill country").  It is actually an extension of the Lebanon Mountains in the north.  The range extends southward as far as the desert that begins near Hebron. 

3. Jordan valley, which is part of a 4,000 mile rift extending from southeastern Turkey to Mozambique, Africa. Read p 43 c2.

The fourth topographical feature is the

4. eastern range (the Transjordan Plateau). This high tableland is between 30 and 80 miles is width, and in places rise to more than 5,000 feet above sea level.  It is a fertile area, receiving significant rainfall.

Travel in Palestine was very much affected by the location of plains, rivers, and mountains.

What is the climate of Palestine?


The climate of Palestine is directly related to the radical differences in topography.  Basically the climate of Palestine resembles the southwestern part of the U.S.

How is the climate and topography of the land reflected in the gospel narratives?

   For example, with all the arid regions in Palestine, 1. John the Baptist centered his ministry in the Jordan River valley because "there was much water there" for his baptizing ministry John 3:232. Jesus' temptation was all the more significant becuase it took place in the barren, desolate Judean wilderness away from pleasent surroundings Mark 1:12-13.  When it came time for 3. Jesus and His disciples to retreat for times of rest, they went to such refreshing places as those near Caesarea Philippi where the headwaters of the Jordan River are located Matt. 16:13.


Memory Verse # 9

Memory Verse # 9    from Biblical Geography lesson #3

John 3:21   But he who does the truth comes to the light, that his deeds may be clearly seen, that they have been done in God.”


Memory Verse #1 from Creation lesson #1

Colossians 1:16  For by Him all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him.

 Memory Verse # 2 from Creation lesson # 3

Hebrews (11:6) But without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who diligently seek Him.

Memory Verse # 3 from Creation lesson # 5

1 Corinthians 13:12  Now we see but a poor reflection as in a mirror; then we shall see face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I am fully known.

Memory Verse # 4 from Creation lesson # 6

Genesis 1:1–2 “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.”

Memory Verse # 5 from Creation lesson # 7

1 Corinthians 15:21–22

For since by man came death, by Man also came the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive .

Memory Verse # 6 from Creation lesson # 9

Romans 3:4 ....let God be true but every man a liar. As it is written:

That You may be justified in Your words,  And may overcome when You are judged.”

Memory Verse # 7 from Biblical Geography lesson #1

Matthew 2:15 15 and was there until the death of Herod, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying, “Out of Egypt I called My Son.”

Memory Verse # 8   from Biblical Geography lesson #2

Romans 1:17 To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called [to be] saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Memory Verse # 9    from Biblical Geography lesson #3

John 3:21   But he who does the truth comes to the light, that his deeds may be clearly seen, that they have been done in God.



Photo Credits:

Israel Map:




Last Update: January 7, 2011

Lesson Objectives

OBJECTIVES: Students will be able to:

1.Students will locate the geographic places on a map that are described in John Ch 4.

Describe the significance of wisdom and discuss how wisdom is better than money.

Define the meaning of "Geography of Palestine" and

Explain the significance of  how Jesus used geography to minister in Palestine.


Memory Verse # 9

John 3:21   But he who does the truth comes to the light, that his deeds may be clearly seen, that they have been done in God.”