ch14     Pilgrim's Progress Chapter 14               
Updated: February 17, 2015


Faithful’s Further Adventures

First Read p 181-186 No audio

In the preceding lesson, we learned of his encounter with Wanton. Faithful says that he shut his eyes “because I didn’t want to be charmed by her looks.”
Christian asks Faithful, “Were you assaulted by anyone else on your journey?” This question opens the way for Faithful’s telling of his encounter with Adam the First, his three children, and the bold–faced Shame.

Second:

Watch Pilgrim's Progress Scene 12 Faithful's Further Adventures 2 min video

 

(TCA 14A) 1  2

Adam the First
Faithful met Adam the First at the hill Difficulty. The old man flattered Faithful and offered him wages for living with him. Faithful asked what the wages and work were and was told that the work was “many delights” and the wages were that he would be his heir at last. Adam the First offered Faithful many “dainties in the world” and servants. He further stated that he had three daughters—the Lust of the Flesh, the Lust of the Eyes, and the Pride of Life—and that Faithful could marry any of them that he desired.
Faithful was tempted to accept the proposal until he noticed the following words on Adam’s forehead: “Put off the old man with his deeds.” At once, he realized who Adam the First was. He knew what the consequences of living with this man would be and so turned to run from him. As he turned, Adam the First took hold of Faithful’s flesh and gave him a powerful twitch back. Faithful cried out, “O wretched man!” but he continued up the hill and away from Adam.
His Identity
Q: Who does Adam the First represent? (Discuss)
A: Adam the First is an obvious reference to the old nature that inhabits all men. We all have inherited the fallen human nature of Adam, and this fallen sinful nature constantly tempts and torments a Christian. If our old nature was dead, we would have little trouble with Satan because he cannot tempt a person to do anything that he does not already have an inward desire to do. The reason sin in its many forms is so tempting to us is that we have a nature that enjoys sin. (Note “the pleasures of sin for a season.”) For example, immoral movies pose little temptation to a blind person because they have no way of arousing his inward desires. This constant inner longing for evil is that to which Paul refers when he utters the same words as Faithful in
Romans 7:24: “O wretched man that I am! Who shall deliver me from the body of this death?”

His Characteristics
Ephesians 4:22, 25–29 describes the old nature. Note the following five major characteristics of our old nature in these verses.
1. Lying
The first characteristic of the old nature (“old man,” v. 22) is a lying tongue. According to John 8:44, we inherited this lying tongue from Satan, who is the father of the lie, having thrown the whole human race into sin by his ability to deceive Adam and Eve with a lie. Adam learned the art of lying from Satan and passed it on to us.
Lying comes as naturally to a child as swimming does to a fish. No one has to be taught how to lie; we all do it naturally. We can never trust our old nature. Therefore, the Bible says that our heart is “deceitful above all things and desperately wicked” (Jer. 17:9).

2. An Ill Temper and a Loose Tongue
Ephesians 4:25-29
“Be ye angry and sin not” (v. 26). Our old nature is so constructed that it is interested in only one thing—its own welfare. Anything that infringes on the comfort, glory, or rights of our flesh angers the old man. An ill temper is a sign of pride. Note Proverbs 13:10: “Only by pride cometh contention.” When we get angry during a ball game or because someone has offended us or limited our rights, we are showing that we are proud and haughty. Thus, we “contend,” or argue. Sometimes, anger is unavoidable, but the tongue is still to be curbed. Thus, the Scriptures encourage us, “Be ye angry and sin not.”
3. Allegiance to Satan
“Neither give place to the devil” (v. 27). The old nature is drawn to Satan like steel is attracted to a magnet. If we give in to its desires, we do Satan’s bidding. Think of it. No one has to force a person to sin. We automatically head in that direction. All of our conscious efforts must be in the opposite direction from Satan.
4. Cheating
Verse 28 deals with our natural tendency to gain material possessions by dishonest means. Stealing and cheating are the same thing. God recognizes both acts as being natural to our old nature.
5. Corrupt Speech
Ephesians 4:29–32 deal with corrupt speech, anger, clamor, and evil speaking.
Q: How many times have you been in trouble because you could not control your tongue? Have you ever noticed how quickly gossip tends to spread whereas telling good news and praising others is seldom popular?
Thus, we see God’s picture of what we really are. We might try to cover up what we are and look better than we are, but God knows how ugly we really are.

His Children
Adam the First had three daughters with Bible names! Their names came straight from
1 John 2:16. People often ask, what is the world, or worldliness? The answer is simple. According to this verse, “All that is in the world” is (1) the lust of the flesh, (2) the lust of the eyes, and (3) the pride of life. What, exactly, are these?
1. The Lust of the Flesh
The lust of the flesh is a desire to please the senses or living by one’s feelings. A person who “marries this daughter” is controlled by his five senses. His rule of thumb is “If it feels good, do it!” The lust of the flesh leads to the sins of drug and alcohol use, immorality, etc.
2. The Lust of the Eyes
The lust of the eyes is materialism and covetousness, living for things. Each day is exciting only because we can make more money, buy a car, get a new dress. Some people give up school activities, or youth or church activities to get a job so they can satisfy the lust of the eyes. God calls it worldliness.
3. The Pride of Life
The pride of life is being overly concerned with one’s reputation. The motto of worldliness is “What will others think of me?” Teens in this category try to be cool. Some guys refuse to sing or will sit on the back row because they want to be cool. God says that they have simply married this ugly daughter of Adam the First!
His Defeat
How can we overcome the pull of the world? How can we have victory over the flesh? Young people have asked these questions for centuries. Yet, the answer is simple. Two steps are necessary to gain victory over the flesh.
1. The old nature must be starved to death.
2. The new nature must be nurtured and exercised.
These two steps can be illustrated as follows.
Supposed that the smallest person in the school is scheduled to wrestle the largest, strongest man in the school. How could he possibly win? Two things would be necessary. First, he would have to have the strong man chained to his bed for four weeks without food or exercise. Second, he would need to work hard at exercising and eating a nourishing diet. After four weeks, he would probably beat the big guy despite the weight difference.
Compare this illustration with the typical Christian. We have both a new nature and an old nature cohabiting in our hearts. We must first completely starve the old nature of food. That is, we must close our senses off from those things that strengthen it. This is the meaning behind Romans 13:14: “But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfill the lusts thereof.” Whatever makes your old nature grow must be stopped. You must cut off its food supply. Perhaps it is television or movies. Or maybe it’s the talk you hear from your friends. Whatever it is, you must eliminate it or you will never have consistent victory in your life.

Next, you must nourish the new nature. That means that you must be faithful in reading, memorizing, and meditating on the Word; hearing the Word preached; reading meaty, mind–stretching Christian literature; and witnessing.
Note that both steps must be taken to have real victory over the flesh. One step without the other will not work. The victory will not be complete.
(TCA 14B)  3

Shame
The last man that Faithful met was named Shame. However, Faithful found him to be misnamed because he found that he was as bold as any man he had met on his journey. Shame was bold in saying that Christianity was a “pitiful, low, sneaking business.” He tried to shame Faithful for his desire to serve the Lord.
Shame is a constant tempter of young people today. The following two characteristics are evident in this tempter.
• He is bold.
• He is generally our best friend.
Just as you decide to live for the Lord, you are faced with a crowd of your so–called “friends” who are ready to laugh at you and tease you for your stand, and so you tend to hold back and not surrender completely to the Lord.
Thus it is that sometimes a small minority of cold or lukewarm students will control a school or a church youth group. For example, a young man came tearfully to the author and apologized. He said that a few years earlier the materials that you are now using were introduced in his church, but he had decided not to get involved. He used his influence with the rest of the teens and determined that the program would not work. He teased those who did try and thus created an atmosphere of discouragement.
Soon, only two or three teens were still participating, and the church stopped using the program. Now he regretted his actions and, although he has confessed his sin to God and the author, he cannot undo the damage done both to himself and to the rest of his youth group.


Note TCA 14B. We have a core of cold teens and a core of hot teens. Generally, both core groups are very small. The largest group of teens is a neutral group that tends to gravitate toward the cold core. Thus, the cold teens control the youth group.
Q: Where are you on this chart—in the cold, the hot, or the neutral zone? If you revolve too long around the cold crowd and let them influence you and keep you from giving 100 percent to the Lord, you are in danger of eventually becoming a part of the cold core itself.
You must take the following two steps to avoid continued spiritual defeat.
1. You must break cleanly away from the cold crowd. As long as you continue to run and associate with them, you will continue to be shamed and influenced toward worldliness.

2. You must deliberately identify yourself with the hot crowd. You must find those teens who really want to live for the Lord and determine that they will be your clan. As Ruth said, “Thy people shall be my people.”
Q: Have you taken these two steps? Has Shame or Adam the First gained the victory over you? Then take whatever steps are necessary for victory over these wretched foes of God.

student work

Leaving Wanton, Faithful continues his journey from the city of Destruction. In response to Christian’s question about any other assaults with which Faithful met, Faithful details his encounter with Adam the First, Moses, Discontent, and Shame.

Each of these experiences holds a great lesson for the Christian today because we meet with the same characters.

Adam the First—Our Old Nature

Read Romans 6:6 ;
Ephesians 4:22-31 ;
Colossians 3:8–9 ;
1 John 2:16 ; and
Romans 7:24 before answering the following questions.

The Description of Adam the First

Adam the First

represents the old sinful nature that we inherited from Adam. What does the Bible call the old nature? _the old man_

• How does Ephesians describe the old man? _as corrupt according to deceitful lusts_

• What are the works of the old man that we must put away (Ephesians and Colossians)? _lying, unrighteous anger, giving place to the devil, stealing, corrupt communication, bitterness, wrath, anger, clamor, evil speaking, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication_

• According to Bunyan and 1 John, who are the children of the old nature? _the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life_

• What does Faithful see printed on the forehead of Adam the First that helps him overcome his enticements? _Put off the old man with his deeds.”_

Watch Protestant Reformation n 5 min video

 

The Tactics of Adam the First

Adam the First acts much like Wanton acted. One of his tactics is to appeal to our self–conceit. He does so by calling Faithful an honest fellow.

• He also caters to our self–interest with appealing promises. How does he describe his work? _many delights_

• How does he describe his wages? _that he would be his heir_

• How does he describe his house? It is maintained with dainties of the world._

The True Character of Adam the First

• Instead of providing all of these delights as promised, what would he really do to Faithful once he got him home? _sell him for a slave_

Thus, we see his true character: he is first and foremost a liar. Note the first char-acteristic associated with him, according to
Ephesians 4:25 : _lying_

Lesson: No man can trust his own desires because his own fleshly heart will lie to him. This is why Jeremiah 17:9 calls our heart deceitful. We cannot trust our feelings because they promise us delights when in reality they will lead us into captivity.

Moses—Our Guilt Feelings for Desiring the World

• Faithful turns to leave Adam the First and is given a painful twist back-ward so that he cries out, “ _O wretched man_.”

• From what verse in the Bible does this phrase come? _Romans 7:24_

• Reaching the arbor where Christian lost his roll, Faithful meets a man who comes after him as swiftly as the wind. He strikes Faithful down three times. For what crime does he strike him? _for his secret inclination to following after Adam the first_

• Of what is the man who strikes him incapable? _of showing anyone mercy_

• The man would have continued beating Faithful had it not been for whom? _Christ_

• Who is the man who strikes Faithful? _Moses_

This man represents Faithful’s own conscience and makes him feel guilty for secretly desiring to give in to Adam the First. He is so named because the Law knows how to condemn a man and make him feel guilty.This is Faithful’s version of inner doubts and conflicts. Although Christian’s inner struggles were much greater, Faithful still has his own problems.
Although he never seems to give in to the enticers (e.g., Wanton and Adam the First), he always has an inner desire to give in. After the temptation passes, he is smitten with guilt about his inner inclinations.

Watch Energy Drinks 7 min video

Discontent—Our Inner Repulsion to Humility
• Coming to the Valley of Humility, Faithful meets not with Apollyon but with __Discontent__. This is Faithful’s own inner dislike for humility. His old nature does not want to be put down. It reminds him that he cannot have worldly glory, pride, self–con-ceit and arrogancy if he lives here. Remember, the flesh is never satisfied with Christian humility.

Leaving the arbor, Faithful continues up the hill Difficulty and past the Palace Beautiful. Here is one of his greatest sins: he does not join the church and receive its blessings! Christian mildly rebukes him for his oversight, saying, “I wish that you had stopped at the house. They would have shown you so many rarities that you would scarcely have forgotten them to the day of your death.”

Failure to avail himself of the blessings of the local church will show up in the future, as you will see later. Christian seems to possess more wisdom and discern-ment in this matter than does Faithful.

Shame—Our Shameful Peer Group

Shame represents those members of our peer group who try to shame us for our stand for the Lord. They seek, by bold statements, to make us ashamed to live for Christ.

Shame’s Arguments

Describe Shame by drawing on Faithful’s description of him.

• He objects against _religion itself__.

• He says that Christianity is a _pitiful, low,sneaking business_

Reputation

• He considers a tender conscience to be _an unmanly thing_.

• He argues that but few of the _mighty, rich, or wise men ever held his opinions of religion_.

• He points out that most pilgrims are base and low and _lack understanding in all natural science_.

• He considers it a shame to sit _whining and mourning under a sermon_.

• He considers it a shame to come sighing and groaning home afterward _and a shame to ask neighbors to forgive their petty faults_.

Faithful’s Rebuttal

• Faithful’s anger is roused by shame until he remembers
Luke 16:15 , which states, “ _And he saith unto them, ye are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is an abomination in the sight of God_.”

Faithful reasons in his heart against these attacks by Shame. Note his rebuttal.

• What God says is best, though all men are against it, because in the day of doom men will be judged, not by their words, but by the _Law of the Highest_

• God prefers his _religion_.

• God prefers a _tender conscience_.

• They who are wisest are those _who make themselves fools for Christ_.

• The poor man that loves Christ is _richer than the greatest man in the world who hates him_

Christian’s Response

• Christian responds to Faithful’s remarks by stating that this person pro-motes only the fool.
What does Proverbs 3:35 say about this issue? The wise shall inherit glory, but shame shall be the promotion of fools

Lesson: Those who speak boldly and loudly against Christ in an attempt to shame us into cowardice are themselves to be shamed because God calls them fools.

notes from the teacher’s lesson (TCA 14A) (TCA 14B)

application activities

1. Use your Bible and a concordance to conduct a study of the “put ons” and “put offs” of the New Testament. Make a three–column chart. Write the ref-erences of the appropriate Scripture passages in the left–hand column. In the middle column, list the things that each passage tells believers to “put off.” And in the right–hand column, list the things that each passage tells believers to “put on.”

2. Study Romans 1:18–32 ;
6:1–23 . What do these passages say about the “old man” and the “new man”? If one is now a “new man,” or a “new creation,” how should he/she then live?

3. Make a three–column chart. Label the column headings “Lust of the flesh,” “Lust of the eyes,” and “Pride of life,” respectively. Then under each column, list activities or attitudes of modern life that characterize each of those “children of the old man.”

4. Explain how the following poem relates to this lesson: Two natures struggle within my breast—The one is vile, the other blest.The one I love, the other I hate;The one I feed will dominate.

 

Quiz—Lesson 14
Faithful’s Further Adventures
Name_________________________________ Date ______________ Score_________

Matching
Match each of the following characters whom Faithful met with what he or she symbolizes in life.
1. Embarrassment when teased by friends about one’s faith
A. Wanton
B. Adam the First
C. Lust of the flesh
D. Lust of the eyes
E. Pride of life
F. Shame
2. Desire to please the senses; living by one’s feelings
3. Lack of self–discipline
4. The old fallen, sinful nature of man
5. Materialism; living for things
6. Being overly concerned about one’s reputation

Multiple Choice
Choose the best answer to complete each of the following
7. Each of the following characterizes Adam the First except
A. Lying
B. Loose tongue
C. Ill temper
D. Faithfulness
E. Cheating
8. Adam the First tried to get Faithful to come live with him by using
A. Flattery
B. Threats
C. Force
D. Bribery
E. Immorality

What was written on the forehead of Adam the First that caused Faithful to reject Adam’s offer?
A. “O wretched man!”
B. “Never give place to the devil.”
C. “Put off the old man.”
D. “Make no provision for the flesh.”
10. If Faithful had accepted Adam’s offer and gone to live with him, what would have been the end result?
A. Death
B. Happy marriage
C. Slavery
D. Eternal life
Essay
11–15. Explain how the children of Adam the First tempt believers today.

 

Lesson Objectives:


1. To identify and characterize Adam the First (the old nature)


2. To define the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life


3. To warn the students against the tempter Shame
Faithful and Christian continue walking toward Vanity Fair, and Faithful shares his previous adventures with his companion.

1. read p 181-186

2. watch scene 12 video

3. go over student work p 186-192

 

Resources:

Student Book PDF
World view study guide

Text PDF

Video whole movie:
video

Characters:
1st Part
2nd Part