Leaving Wanton, Faithful continues his journey from the city of Destruction. In response to Christian’s question about any other assaults with which Faithful met, Faithful details his encounter with Adam the First, Moses, Discontent, and Shame.
Each of these experiences holds a great lesson for the Christian today because we meet with the same characters.
Adam the First—Our Old Nature
Read Romans 6:6
1 John 2:16
before answering the following questions.
The Description of Adam the First
• Adam the First
represents the old sinful nature that we inherited from Adam. What does the Bible call the old nature? _the old man_
• How does Ephesians describe the old man? _as corrupt according to deceitful lusts_
• What are the works of the old man that we must put away (Ephesians and Colossians)? _lying, unrighteous anger, giving place to the devil, stealing, corrupt communication, bitterness, wrath, anger, clamor, evil speaking, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication_
• According to Bunyan and 1 John, who are the children of the old nature? _the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life_
• What does Faithful see printed on the forehead of Adam the First that helps him overcome his enticements? _“Put off the old man with his deeds.”_
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The Tactics of Adam the First
Adam the First acts much like Wanton acted. One of his tactics is to appeal to our self–conceit. He does so by calling Faithful an honest fellow.
• He also caters to our self–interest with appealing promises. How does he describe his work? _many delights_
• How does he describe his wages? _that he would be his heir_
• How does he describe his house? It is maintained with dainties of the world._
The True Character of Adam the First
• Instead of providing all of these delights as promised, what would he really do to Faithful once he got him home? _sell him for a slave_
Thus, we see his true character: he is first and foremost a liar. Note the first char-acteristic associated with him, according to
Lesson: No man can trust his own desires because his own fleshly heart will lie to him. This is why Jeremiah 17:9 calls our heart deceitful. We cannot trust our feelings because they promise us delights when in reality they will lead us into captivity.
Moses—Our Guilt Feelings for Desiring the World
• Faithful turns to leave Adam the First and is given a painful twist back-ward so that he cries out, “ _O wretched man_.”
• From what verse in the Bible does this phrase come? _Romans 7:24_
• Reaching the arbor where Christian lost his roll, Faithful meets a man who comes after him as swiftly as the wind. He strikes Faithful down three times. For what crime does he strike him? _for his secret inclination to following after Adam the first_
• Of what is the man who strikes him incapable? _of showing anyone mercy_
• The man would have continued beating Faithful had it not been for whom? _Christ_
• Who is the man who strikes Faithful? _Moses_
This man represents Faithful’s own conscience and makes him feel guilty for secretly desiring to give in to Adam the First. He is so named because the Law knows how to condemn a man and make him feel guilty.This is Faithful’s version of inner doubts and conflicts. Although Christian’s inner struggles were much greater, Faithful still has his own problems.
Although he never seems to give in to the enticers (e.g., Wanton and Adam the First), he always has an inner desire to give in. After the temptation passes, he is smitten with guilt about his inner inclinations.
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Discontent—Our Inner Repulsion to Humility
||• Coming to the Valley of Humility, Faithful meets not with Apollyon but with __Discontent__. This is Faithful’s own inner dislike for humility. His old nature does not want to be put down. It reminds him that he cannot have worldly glory, pride, self–con-ceit and arrogancy if he lives here. Remember, the flesh is never satisfied with Christian humility.
Leaving the arbor, Faithful continues up the hill Difficulty and past the Palace Beautiful. Here is one of his greatest sins: he does not join the church and receive its blessings! Christian mildly rebukes him for his oversight, saying, “I wish that you had stopped at the house. They would have shown you so many rarities that you would scarcely have forgotten them to the day of your death.”
Failure to avail himself of the blessings of the local church will show up in the future, as you will see later. Christian seems to possess more wisdom and discern-ment in this matter than does Faithful.
|Shame—Our Shameful Peer Group
Shame represents those members of our peer group who try to shame us for our stand for the Lord. They seek, by bold statements, to make us ashamed to live for Christ.
Describe Shame by drawing on Faithful’s description of him.
• He objects against _religion itself__.
• He says that Christianity is a _pitiful, low,sneaking business_
• He considers a tender conscience to be _an unmanly thing_.
• He argues that but few of the _mighty, rich, or wise men ever held his opinions of religion_.
• He points out that most pilgrims are base and low and _lack understanding in all natural science_.
• He considers it a shame to sit _whining and mourning under a sermon_.
• He considers it a shame to come sighing and groaning home afterward _and a shame to ask neighbors to forgive their petty faults_.
• Faithful’s anger is roused by shame until he remembers
, which states, “ _And he saith unto them, ye are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is an abomination in the sight of God_.”
Faithful reasons in his heart against these attacks by Shame. Note his rebuttal.
• What God says is best, though all men are against it, because in the day of doom men will be judged, not by their words, but by the _Law of the Highest_
• God prefers his _religion_.
• God prefers a _tender conscience_.
• They who are wisest are those _who make themselves fools for Christ_.
• The poor man that loves Christ is _richer than the greatest man in the world who hates him_
• Christian responds to Faithful’s remarks by stating that this person pro-motes only the fool.
What does Proverbs 3:35
say about this issue? The wise shall inherit glory, but shame shall be the promotion of fools
Lesson: Those who speak boldly and loudly against Christ in an attempt to shame us into cowardice are themselves to be shamed because God calls them fools.
notes from the teacher’s lesson (TCA 14A) (TCA 14B)
1. Use your Bible and a concordance to conduct a study of the “put ons” and “put offs” of the New Testament. Make a three–column chart. Write the ref-erences of the appropriate Scripture passages in the left–hand column. In the middle column, list the things that each passage tells believers to “put off.” And in the right–hand column, list the things that each passage tells believers to “put on.”
2. Study Romans 1:18–32
6:1–23 . What do these passages say about the “old man” and the “new man”? If one is now a “new man,” or a “new creation,” how should he/she then live?
3. Make a three–column chart. Label the column headings “Lust of the flesh,” “Lust of the eyes,” and “Pride of life,” respectively. Then under each column, list activities or attitudes of modern life that characterize each of those “children of the old man.”
4. Explain how the following poem relates to this lesson: Two natures struggle within my breast—The one is vile, the other blest.The one I love, the other I hate;The one I feed will dominate.