Leaving Interpreter’s house, the pilgrim is directed into the Way of Salvation and soon arrives at the Cross, where his burden immediately tumbles into the sepulchre.
• He is very glad about this and says, “He has given me _rest_ by His ___sorrow___ and ___life_ by His __death_.
• He then stares at the Cross and begins weeping for joy. Suddenly three _Shining Ones__ come to him.
What does the first one say? _“Your sins will be forgiven you.”.
What does the second one gives him? _change of clothes and takes off his rags.
What does the third one do? puts a _mark on his forehead_ and gives him a _roll with a seal on it_.
• Next, the pilgrim comes upon three men who are sleeping. They have chains on their ankles. Their names are _Simple, Sloth, and Presumption_. Christian tries to wake them up and warn them of their danger, but they aren’t concerned and go back to sleep. (In part two of Bunyan’s story—not included in this study—the pilgrim’s wife, Christiana, comes to this spot and finds the three men “hanged up in irons.”)
• Soon, Christian spied two men, Formalist and Hypocrisy, climbing over the Wall of Salvation. Christian warns them that they must come in at the gate. He also quotes John 10:1
: “He that cometh not in by thedoor, but climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.”
Why do they not go by the gate? _They think it’s too far; they prefer to take a shortcut. They are used to shortcuts. When Christian tells them that their way won’t count with God, they argue that it has been their custom for more than a thousand years and will be acceptable to God. They argue that it doesn’t matter how you get in, just that you do get in. This is the same argument that many people give today when they say, “It doesn’t matter what you believe as long as you are sincere.”Christian states that he knows that he will be accepted because of what he has:
• A __coat__
• A __mark on his forehead__
• A __roll with a seal_
Christian parts ways with Formalist and Hypocrisy when they come to the hill Difficulty. Whereas he continues on the straight and narrow path right up the hill, the other two men go by other ways around the hill. One road is called Danger and leads into a great forest, and the other road is called Destruction and leads into dark mountains, where the man stumbles and falls, never to rise again.
• Christian falls asleep in the Arbor and loses his roll. A dream awakens him, and he hurries on his way. He meets two men named _Timourous and mistrust__. running back down the hill because they are afraid of two lions that they saw lying beside the path.
• Christian discovers that he’s lost his roll and goes back to the Arbor to get it, but meanwhile nightfall overtakes him. He asks God to _forgive him for falling asleep_.
He fears that the lions will be roaming after their prey in the dark, but he continues on his journey. At the end of this section of reading, he sees a very stately palace called _beautiful_.
Watch Protestant Reformation h 5 min video
A Closer LookSalvation
The cross and the sepulchre represent the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ and mark the spot where the pilgrim
• Loses his burden
• Is forgiven of his sin
• Receives a mark in his forehead
• Is given the roll of assurance
• Is dressed in new clothes, his rags being removed from him
From this point, the pilgrim is no longer Graceless but rather has the new name of Christian.
1. The Place of Salvation
• I Corinthians 15:1–4
defines the gospel. It is first that Christ _died_ for our sins, according to the Scriptures; second, that He was _buried_; and third, that He _rose_ again on the third day, according to the Scriptures.
2. The Price of Salvation
• According to Romans 3:24
, how much does salvation cost man? nothing it's a free gift
• According to 1 Peter 1:18,19
, what did our salvation cost God’s Son? It cost His precious blood
3. The Procurement of Salvation
• What, according to Ephesians 2:8
, must man do to obtain this salvation?_Man must exercise the faith that God has given him.
Therefore, God gives us salvation without any works or merit on our part (that is, by grace). He even gives us the faith to trust His Word and accept His gift of salvation. And that salvation comes the moment we exercise our faith in His shed blood on the cross.
1. What Righteousness Is
• A Christian is not only saved at the cross but also is given a robe of _Righteousness_ (Isa. 61:10
). Righteousness is being all that God demands and meeting all of God’s most exacting standards.
2. How Righteousness Is Obtained
• No man is righteous because no man can meet God’s demanding stan-dards. But Christ came to do for us what we cannot do for ourselves. God declares to be righteous
(Rom. 3:26 ) all of those who _believe with the heart
(Rom. 10:10 ) and are found to be __in Christ
(Phil. 3:9 ).
Christ has four kinds of righteousness, three kinds of which He keeps for Himself, but He gives us one kind. His four kinds of righteousness are as follows:
1. A righteousness of His Godhead. As God, He is righteous.
2. A righteousness of His manhood. He was the perfect man.
3. A righteousness of the union of His two natures. This was a righteousness that qualified Him as both God and man so that He could die for us.
4. A righteousness of obedience. He earned this by His perfect life.
If Christ gave us the righteousness of His Godhead, He would cease to be God.
If He gave us the righteousness of His manhood, He would cease to be pure man.
If He gave us the righteousness of the union of His natures, He would lose the perfections that qualified Him to die for us. He cannot give up any of those types of righteousness.
• But He can give us the fourth kind of righteousness because He does not need it; He is still God and perfect man without it.
says, “So by the _obedience of one shall many be made righteous
• This “obedient righteousness” He gives away.
tells us of “abundance of _grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.”
Furthermore, Christ must give us this righteousness because if He is to obey the Law, He must “if he hath two coats give one to him that hath none” because Christ has two coats—one for Himself and one to spare. He gives it freely to those who believe.
When one receives this robe, it means that God sees him as being just as obedient and as perfect as Christ was on earth. We enter heaven because of His obedi-ence—not because of ours.notes from the teacher’s lesson