#2  The Age of Discovery Begins

    Portugal leads the way

    1.  Prince Henry the Navigator (Portuguese)   
            started a school for sea captains.

Watch Spices and Exploration 4min video

2.  Bartholomew Dias (Portuguese) first to reach the Cape of Good Hope  1488
3.  Vasco da Gama  (Portuguese) first to sail around Africa to India.  Traded and paid for the voyage 60 times over cost.  6000% profit

Christopher Columbus (Spain)
                  in 1492 he sailed the ocean blue


                                                                                                      Watch End of the Earth 3 min video


    1.  Columbus persuaded the Spanish king
            and queen, Ferdinand and Isabella to
            sponsor the voyage.


Columbus' mistakes
    1.  Columbus underestimated the distance
            westward from Europe to Asia.
    2.  He did not know there were continents
            between Europe and Asia.
    3.  He never fully realized he had not sailed
            to Asia.  Columbus was directionally impaired.
                                                                                                      Watch Columbus Day Jokes 2min video

What is the line of demarcation?

Line drawn by Pope Alexander VI in 1493-1494 to assign colonial spheres of interest in the Americas to Portugal and Spain.


Eventually map makers came to the New World the most famous was Amerigo Vespucci for whom America is named
The Columbian Exchange was a dramatically widespread exchange of animals, foods, human populations (including slaves), communicable diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres that occurred after Christopher Columbus landed in the Americas in 1492. It was one of the most significant events concerning ecology, agriculture, and culture in all of human history. The Columbian Exchange greatly affected almost every society on earth. New diseases introduced by Europeans (many of which had originated in Asia) to which indigenous people had no immunity, depopulated many cultures.


Take the interactive quiz.


Photo Credits:  Maps from Zoomschool.com

Last Update: September 4, 2018

OBJECTIVES: Students will be able to:

1. list

2. explain the difference between

3. describe the

4. chart on a map the

5. define the terms

6. Explain the significance of

Remember Recognizing, Recalling
Understand : Interpreting, exemplifying, classifying, summarizing, inferring, comparing, explaining
Apply : Executing, implementing
Analyze : Differentiating, organizing, attributing
Evaluate : checking, critiquing
Create: generating, planning, producing





Knowledge: Recall of data.

Comprehension: Understand the meaning, translation, interpolation, and interpretation of instructions and problems. State a problem in one's own words.








Use a concept in a new situation or unprompted use of an abstraction. Applies what was learned in the classroom into novel situations in the workplace.

Separates material or concepts into component parts so that its organizational structure may be understood. Distinguishes between facts and inferences. 

Builds a structure or pattern from diverse elements. Put parts together to form a whole, with emphasis on creating a new meaning or structure.

Make judgments about the value of ideas or materials.