#36   American Religion in the Early 1800s
Second Great Awakening                watch election 2016 video


Why was there a spiritual decline during the 1800's?
        Frontier churches were few and far, people were questioning the Bible.

What does a deist believe?   that God created the universe, (set it into operation, and then stood back to allow it to work) then left

Watch 2nd Great Awakening 2min video     
Watch Perfecting America 2 min video

It was a reform movement of trying
to make America more perfect.

Many believed in the Second Coming of Christ or the Advent of the Lord.... Adventists

Revivals during the 1st 1/2 of the 19th century known as  the Second Great Awakening

Watch Paradise on Earth Shakers 4 min video



pioneered the circuit riding movement

circuit riders :  evangelists who rode regular routes or circuits on horse back    






pioneered the camp meeting revival
       What would you see...crescent shape tents, a lot of preaching, loud prayers, food, women folk fix food for men folk..

Adoniram Judson was a missionary to Burma and became known as the "Father of Modern Missions"



Charles Finney :

 perhaps the best known of  the Second Great Awakening urban evangelists

The spiritual : songs that combined the African  heritage of song with the dignity and power of praise

            1.  Known as America's greatest contribution to the field of music  

Watch Roll Jordan Roll 2min video or Spirituals 6min video:

We can write our own spiritual.  Write 4 lines of a song that you made up that would encourage others to press through?






Cults of the 19th Century

    Spiritual revival like the Second Great Awakening is always met with powerful opposition.  Several false philosophies and religions arose in the 1800s to challenge Biblical Christianity.

    Unitarianism        denies the deity of Christ,  the Trinity
                                  and man's sinful nature....        Tulsa     church


   taught a person could transcend or overcome
    reason by trusting in himself and in his own abilities

   Proverbs 28:26 : He who trusts in himself is a fool


     1.  Ralph Waldo Emerson   American essayist

    2.  Henry David Thoreau  spent 2 years
                              communing with nature

    3.  Walt Whitman;  poet, wrote Leaves of Grass

    4.  Few people accepted this false philosophy
               and the movement soon died out

   Millerites - predicted the date of the "millennium"

Watch Millerites End Times 5 min video

      Mormons:  Joseph Smith saw an angel. Wrote the Book of Mormon  


Brigham Young led the Mormons to Utah


Watch Mormons Perfecting America 3 min video
Watch Mormons Move West 10 min video:

Communal Societies

Brook Farm   

some transcendentalists purchased a farm where they started a community designed  to allow its members time to commune with nature, write and develop

        Failed because of financial problems and arguments

Robert Owen  


New Harmony

What did we learn today?

Why was there a need for revival in the early 19th century?

How do cults come against the gospel?




1.  AKA   "Great Agnostic"

                one who believes that man cannot know God or anything else beyond  the physical world

             Famous quotes by ingersoll

Nothing is greater than to break the chains from the bodies of men -- nothing nobler than to destroy the phantom of the soul.
-- Robert Green Ingersoll, quoted from the Address, Ingersoll the Magnificent, delivered by Joseph Lewis on August 11th 1954 dedicating, as a Public Memorial, the house in which Robert G Ingersoll was born, Dresden, Yates County, in the state of New York.

If there be an infinite Being, he does not need our help -- we need not waste our energies in his defense.
-- Robert Green Ingersoll, "God in the Constitution" (1870)

I would rather live and love where death is king than have eternal life where love is not.

Robert Green Ingersoll





Photo Credits:

Emerson:  http://www.angelsghosts.com/images/transcendentalism_transcendalist_0022.gif

Young: http://www.fldstruth.org/images/2%20Brigham%20Young.jpg

Last Update: November 5, 2019

OBJECTIVES: Students will be able to: 1. list 2. explain the difference between 3. describe the 4. chart on a map the 5. define the terms 6. Explain the significance of Knowledge: Recall of data. Comprehension: Understand the meaning, translation, interpolation, and interpretation of instructions and problems. State a problem in one's own words.



Use a concept in a new situation or unprompted use of an abstraction. Applies what was learned in the classroom into novel situations in the workplace.




Separates material or concepts into component parts so that its organizational structure may be understood. Distinguishes between facts and inferences.  Synthesis:
Builds a structure or pattern from diverse elements. Put parts together to form a whole, with emphasis on creating a new meaning or structure.

Make judgments about the value of ideas or materials.

Remember : Recognizing, Recalling
Understand : Interpreting, exemplifying, classifying, summarizing, inferring, comparing, explaining
Apply : Executing, implementing
Analyze : Differentiating, organizing, attributing
Evaluate : checking, critiquing
Create: generating, planning, producing