#75 A Time of Tyrants 
Clouds on the Horizon      

Last Update: March 1, 2017

OK PASS Objectives

WWI was supposed to be the "war to end all wars" and to "make the world safe for democracy".

Why was global conflict inevitable?
Because WWI didn't solve any of the issues that caused the war.

Content Standard 5: The student will analyze the major causes, events, and effects of United States’ involvement in World War II.


Causes of WWII

    1.  Disarmament failures-   Treaty of Versailles failed and later the Geneva Conference ended in failure. 

    2.  International tensions   
           (friction between countries)

    a.  Germany's debt, 
             Germany went bankrupt trying to pay for WWI

    b.  European competition
         for colonies and resources, 

    c.  extreme nationalism, 
        ( a love or fervor for one's country willing 
        to act w/o regard for moral consequences)

    d.  widespread religious unbelief 
         ( Spiritual emptiness )

    3.  Rising Dictatorships
         (Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini, Tojo)

1. Examine changes in American society and government policy as the nation prepared for and entered World War II.
A. Relate the rise of totalitarian regimes in the Soviet Union, Germany, Italy, and Japan to the rise of communism, Nazism, and fascism in the 1930s and 1940s, and the response of the United States.
a.  Communism in Russia  AKA Soviet  Union led by  Joseph Stalin

*A. Relate the rise of totalitarian regimes in the Soviet Union, Germany, Italy, and Japan to the rise of communism, Nazism, and fascism in the 1930s and 1940s, and the response of the United States.
 b.  Nazism        

 in Germany   

Adolf Hitler established himself as the Fuhrer and described the Nazi regime as the "Third Reich"

 

Watch Hitler's Treason: 3 mim video


*A. Relate the rise of totalitarian regimes in the Soviet Union, Germany, Italy, and Japan to the rise of communism, Nazism, and fascism in the 1930s and 1940s, and the response of the United States.

 

c.  Fascism   

 

 in Italy            

led by Benito Mussolini


*A. Relate the rise of totalitarian regimes in the Soviet Union, Germany, Italy, and Japan to the rise of communism, Nazism, and fascism in the 1930s and 1940s, and the response of the United States.
d.  Militarism 

in Japan         

led by Hideki Tojo


*A. Relate the rise of totalitarian regimes in the Soviet Union, Germany, Italy, and Japan to the rise of communism, Nazism, and fascism in the 1930s and 1940s, and the response of the United States.

4.  Unchecked Aggression (Appeasement)

1.  Korea/Manchuria, 2.  China, 3.  Ethiopia,
4.  Rhineland,
5.  Austria, 6.  Czechoslovakia,
7.  Albania - 8.  Poland -

 

Content Standard 5:

B. Describe the roles of appeasement and isolationism in the United States’ reluctance to involve itself in world conflicts during 1937-1941

 

Blitzkrieg/   German word for "lightning war"

Stuka/  German "dive bombers"

Panzer  "tank divisions"


German tank divisions

 

 

 

Luftwaffe  /
German for

"Air force"

 

Watch German Panzers 8min video:

 
WWII in Europe

August 1939 U.S.S.R. and Germany sign the Nazi-Soviet non aggression pact

After Hitler conquered Poland, he turned his blitzkrieg on Western Europe.

 
1.  May 10, 1940  Hitler invaded Netherlands and trapped the English army @ Dunkirk
    2.  Dunkirk a miracle when 100's of small crafts saved the British army.
 
3.  France fell in June 22, 1940. Vichy  French government that collaborated with the Germans.

4.  Battle of Britain & London Blitz Hitler tries to conquer England

   
Winston Churchill  Became the leader of Great Britain

    Look at page 515-516 What did Churchill declare about the British people? "This was their finest hour."
 

What was Churchill's RAF quote? "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."

 

What was the Hitler/Napoleon mistake?  p 516

1. Surprise attacking Russia (Soviet Union) Defeated by General "Mud" and General "Winter"
made Germany fight the war on two fronts (east and west), supplies were spread thin, infantry and blitzkrieg suffers first defeat in the war.

Watch Napoleon/Hitler Mistake video 4min

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Battle of Stalingrad

was the turning point of the war in Europe .

Watch WWII 25 min video start at 2 min for Battle of Stalingrad


 

Photo Credits:

Mussy Hitler:http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/wwii1-2.jpg

German and Italian Expansion: Heritage of Freedom p 560

Dunkirk: http://www.rania.co.uk/dunkirk/images/dunkirk1.jpg

London Blitz: http://www.afterthebattle.com/firetale.jpg

Japan Map: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_8na84dnqvqkB4/s400/map-japan.gif

Nazi-Soviet map: http://z.about.com/d/history1900s/1/0/h/2/aggresspact.JPG

Hitler's Europe 1942: http://pictures.deadlycomputer.com/d/33265-1/Second_world_war_europe_1941-1942_map_en.png