#31  

Cross Currents 

#31  

Cross Currents 

#31  

Cross Currents 

 What does this mean? "Just think, Mama!  This sofa is a millionth part mine." 

A young democrat to her parents as she romped on White House furniture during Jackson's inauguration, 1829

Nationalism:  national pride, vision, and patriotism

U.S. Post- War of 1812
    U.S. emerged from the War of 1812 with a new spirit of nationalism.

  American System: Proposed by Henry Clay:   consisted of three parts  1.  Protective Tariff, 2.  internal improvements, 3.  renewal of the National Bank

Party strife decreased as Congressmen worked to follow policies that benefited the country as a whole.
 
 

Tariff of 1816

    1.  After war Congress passed a new protective tariff: placed a high duty (tax) on imported goods.
    2.  This hurt southern farmers who exported to Europe
    3.  Helped northern industry and country as a whole.

Internal Improvements:

    Cumberland Road  (First National Road)
        1.  National Road from Cumberland Maryland to Wheeling, Virginia

 

Second Bank of the U.S. 

        1.  Charter of first national bank ran out
        2.  Wildcat state banks sprang up and  issued more notes than they could back up with gold or silver.
        3.  Republican leaders rechartered for a new bank

Panic of 1819

        1.  Speculation:  buying land with the intention of selling at
                                    a profit
when the market price rises.

        2.  Wildcat banks  recklessly loaned money

        3.  When demand for the land decreased both speculators
              and banks could not meet
financial obligations

        4.  Price of goods fell sharply and country went into
              a 6 year depression

Missouri Compromise                     US Territory Acquisition map

   Maintaining a Northern and Southern balance of power in the Senate

        1.  Missouri admitted as a slave state
        2.  Maine admitted as a free state
        3.  No slavery above 36~30`(this part was ruled unconstitutional
                                                           in Dred Scott decision)More

             This compromise temporarily avoided war


 

Sectionalism  divides country during election of 1824
    Issues:
        1.  Slavery    (North/South)
        2.  Favorite son politics (North/South/East/West)
        3.  Banking  (East/West)
        4.  North/ Manufacturing/ South Plantation farming
        5.  States rights (south) 

        Election of 1824

     1.  4 favorite sons ran for the Presidency
              (see map)

        2.  People voted for the "Favorite Son" candidate that came from their section (sectionalism)
        3.  Election was decided in the House of
             Representatives.
              
"corrupt bargin"claims Jackson
              (Henry Clay was the Speaker of the House)
        4.  John Quincy Adams won the election
             
and names Clay as his Secretary of State

        Adams wins the election and is one of the
best 
qualified Presidents ever to be elected.
Watch 3 min video of the Election of 1824   Watch President John Quincy Adams 4 min video  

What did we learn today?

Examine nationalism in America

Is speculation good or bad for a country?

Analyze the Missouri Compromise

Photo Credits:

Map of 1824: http://teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/fi/0000007d.ht

National Road: http://www.callawayfamily.org/road.jpg

Congress: http://www.commoncause.org/atf/congress.jpg

Tariff of Abominations: http://images.businessweek.com/ss/06/11/1109_economy/image/tariffofabominations.jpg

Second Bank of US: http://www.erikburd.org/pictures/philly/franklin/12100005.jpg

Territory Map: http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://genealogytrails.com/main/territoryacquisitions.jpg

Last Update: October 27, 2016

 

OK PASS Objectives

Content Standard 1: The student will analyze causes, key events, and effects of the Civil War  / Reconstruction era.

1. Examine the economic and philosophical differences (e.g., sectionalism, popular sovereignty, states’ rights debate, nullification, abolition, and tariffs) between the North and South, as articulated by Daniel Webster and John C. Calhoun

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OK PASS Objectives

Content Standard 1: The student will analyze causes, key events, and effects of the Civil War  / Reconstruction era.

1. Examine the economic and philosophical differences (e.g.,

sectionalism,

popular sovereignty,

states’ rights debate,

nullification,

abolition,

and tariffs)

between the North and South, as articulated by Daniel Webster and John C. Calhoun