#19  Early Campaigns map

The Battle of New York 1776

1. Washington's army was surrounded

2. Escaped "under the cover of darkness"

3. Saved the continental army and earned the nickname "old fox"

Watch America the Story of Us Battle of New York video

Watch David McCullough video of the battle

Trenton and Princeton victories

1776 Washington and his Continental army crosses the Delaware River Christmas night and catches the Hessians (German soldiers) off guard.

At Princeton the Continental army won a big morale boost, many whose enlistments had expired rejoined the army.

Victory in a Year of Defeat

British strategy:
Divide and Conquer
see map p 118
 
1.  Cut off New England from other colonies

2.  Lure Continental army into decisive battle

3.  Blockade the Atlantic coast to keep
     supplies from being smuggled in

The plan for cutting off New England

1. Burgoyne’s army moves in from Canada
2. Howe’s army moves up from New York
3. They meet in Albany

Watch War Time Allies and Valley Forge 8 min video    


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Surrender of Gen. Burgoyne to  General Gates at Saratoga, New York, 1777


      Battle of Saratoga    turning point of the war
1.  finished British chances of isolating New England

2.  lifted American morale

3.  persuaded the French to join the cause

4.  and forced the British to fight a war on two fronts land and sea.         

Difficult Winters

Winters were very difficult at Valley Forge and at Morristown

Watch Morristown 25min video

Look at the map.  What winters were spent at Valley Forge? 1777-78  Morristown?
1776-77, 79, 80

Valley Forge  "These are the times that try men's souls"  (Paine)      
 

( Most historians agree that the winters in Morristown were much more difficult than @ Valley Forge.  But painters have made Valley Forge more popular and led people into thinking that Valley Forge was harder.  This changed history)   

    Baron von Steuben helped train and drill the troops at Valley Forge.

    Marquis de Lafayette
                           
                                                 Count Pulaski

Battle of Monmouth    In 1778 when the British abandoned Philadelphia, they crossed through New Jersey again, and Washington engaged them, and won at Monmouth

After Monmouth the war in the north is over.

Watch Monmouth and Molly Pitcher 4 min video

Fighting on the Frontier

 George Rogers Clark  fought on the frontier capturing  the British forts  Kaskaskia and Cahokia in Illinois and Ohio River valley. see map p 123

Photo Credits:

Revolutionary War Map: www.dean.usma.edu/history/ web03/atlases/amer

George Rogers Clark: http://web.buddyproject.org/web013/images/surrender.JPG

Francis Marion: http://www.marionkentucky.us/images/marion-kentucky-Francis-Marion.gif

Sumter: http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/1300/1324/Sumter_1_th.gif

Green: http://www.framery.com/GreenAtGuilford.jpg

Surrender: http://www.sar.org/vassar/surrender_cornwallis.jpg

Privateers: http://www.nps.gov/revwar/images/about_the_rev/privateers.jpg


 

Updated:
September 29, 2016

OBJECTIVES: Students will be able to: 1. list 2. explain the difference between 3. describe the 4. chart on a map the 5. define the terms 6. Explain the significance of Knowledge: Recall of data.

 

 

Comprehension: Understand the meaning, translation, interpolation, and interpretation of instructions and problems. State a problem in one's own words. Application:
Use a concept in a new situation or unprompted use of an abstraction. Applies what was learned in the classroom into novel situations in the workplace. Analysis:
Separates material or concepts into component parts so that its organizational structure may be understood. Distinguishes between facts and inferences.  Synthesis:
Builds a structure or pattern from diverse elements. Put parts together to form a whole, with emphasis on creating a new meaning or structure.

Evaluation:
Make judgments about the value of ideas or materials.

Remember : Recognizing, Recalling
Understand : Interpreting, exemplifying, classifying, summarizing, inferring, comparing, explaining
Apply : Executing, implementing
Analyze : Differentiating, organizing, attributing
Evaluate : checking, critiquing
Create: generating, planning, producing