#83      Eisenhower Years 1953-1961

Last Update: March 31, 2015

OK PASS Objectives


Eisenhower's campaign
slogan.

Election of 1952

    Republicans chose Eisenhower/ Nixon 

Korea, and communist infiltration were the main issues.

Content Standard 6: The student will analyze the foreign and domestic policies of the United States since World War II. 2. Describe events which changed domestic and foreign policies during the Cold War and its aftermath.

Watch President Eisenhower 8 min video

Questions: What political party did Eisenhower join? RepublicanWhat two distinct ways is Eisenhower remembered? D-Day, semi-president (rather spend time playing golf) What was the "hidden-hand Presidency"? people thought President was out to lunch, but he really called the shots Eisenhower spent less on the military and more on infrastructure What did Eisenhower think of desegregation? it wasn't time for it Why was Eisenhower's second term tougher? he had health concerns, and aloof reactions to segregation, Sputnik, Castro in Cuba. What did Eisenhower want to leave behind? a legacy of peace

Watch the History of Recorded Music 2 min video

 

A. Examine the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the arms race

.
B. Describe the role of the United States in the formation of the United Nations, NATO, and SEATO.

A Freer Economy

    1.  the whole trend of the Eisenhower
Administration was away from government
participation in business and the economy

2.  Transportation   Interstate Highway System was built

 
Eisenhower's Foreign Affairs

 1. Korean War Ended in 1953

  2.  St. Lawrence Seaway  enabled ocean going vessels to visit Great Lakes ports.

Watch St. Lawrence Sea Way 10 min video

     Savannah  the world's first nuclear powered merchant vessel

     3.  Anti-Communist revolts in East Germany,  HungaryEisenhower helped the anticommunist movements using the "domino theory", that if one country fell to communism, then other nations would fall like a row of dominoes
Watch domino theory 2min video

     Suez Canal Crisis   1956 video
       

Watch U2 Spy Plane 3min video Questions:

What did pilots call the U2? glider  What was the cruising altitude of the U2? 74,000ft Who was the pilot of the U2 that was shot down? Gary Powers  After his conviction how many years did Powers spend in jail? 18 months  Why was he fired from Lockheed? damaging revelations about the CIA in his autobiography

 

A. Examine the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the arms race

.
B. Describe the role of the United States in the formation of the United Nations, NATO, and SEATO.

 

C. Evaluate the causes and long term foreign and domestic consequences of United States’ military commitments in Southeast Asia, including the Vietnam War (e.g., “Domino Theory;”

African American Social Reforms

    By the 1950s many Americans saw that the time had come to end racial prejudice.

    1.  Black Americans were the first group to achieve more opportunities.

    2.  Jackie Robinson  first black major league baseball player.

    3.  Marian Anderson one of the greatest opera singers of the age.

Watch Jackie Robinson 5min video

3. Analyze the economic, social, and political transformation within the United States since World War II.
A. Describe de jure and de facto segregation policies, attempts at desegregation and integration, and the impact of the Civil Rights Movement on society

4.  Civil Rights Movement 

led by Martin Luther King Jr.

Watch Segregation Struggle video

3. Analyze the economic, social, and political transformation within the United States since World War II.
A. Describe de jure and de facto segregation policies, attempts at desegregation and integration, and the impact of the Civil Rights Movement on society
5.  Brown vs. Board of Ed  Supreme Court decision that called for the desegregation (racial integration) of all public schools.

Watch Brown v. Board of Education 8 min video. Questions

 

(e.g., Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas,

 

 

6.  Rosa Parks

famous for her courage, she was arrested for not giving up her seat on the bus.

the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the lunch counter sit-ins in Oklahoma City and elsewhere, the Freedom Rides,

 

What happened in Arkansas in 1957?


Watch Little Rock Central HighSchool Desegregation 5 min video


    Martin Luther King Jr.  led nonviolent marches in Washington D. C. and in the South.

Watch Who are We? 2 min video

 

integration of Little Rock Central High School, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965).

   

Photo Credits:

Little Rock: www.loc.gov/exhibits/ brown/images/br0123s.jpg