#25  Emerging Political Parties 

President John Adams

Watch 8 min video on John Adams

Election of 1796

    1.  John Adams Pres  (Federalist)
    2.  Thomas Jefferson VP   (Anti-Federalist)


Quasi War or Pirate Wars

The Quasi-War was an undeclared war fought almost entirely at sea between the United States and France from 1798 to 1800.

Watch Quasi War and Alien and Sedition Acts 6 min video

What was the main issue?  Britian and France were at war and the United States got caught in the middle.  France said don't trade with England and England was impressing sailors

British were stopping American ships and taking sailors off the ship and forcing them to serve in the British navy. This was called Impressment

XYZ Affair

    1.  XYZ were code names of 3
          French agents of the Directory.
    2.  Agents tried to bribe American
          peace commission.
    3.  "Millions for defense,
            but not one cent for tribute."

Alien and Sedition Acts The Alien and Sedition Acts were four bills passed in 1798 by the Federalists in the United States Congress, who were waging an undeclared naval war with France, later known as the Quasi-War. They were signed into law by President John Adams. Proponents claimed the acts were designed to protect the United States from alien citizens of enemy powers and to stop seditious attacks from weakening the government.

The Sedition Act     made it a crime to publish "false, scandalous, and malicious writing" against the government or its officials. (violation of the 1st Amendment)

Watch john adams alien and sedition acts 7min video

Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions (or Resolves) were political statements in favor of states' rights and Strict Constructionism. They were written secretly by Vice President Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.

Federalist Legacy

    1.  Launched strong central government
    2.  Set nation on strong financial foundation
    3.  Wise enough to keep us out of foreign wars

What did we learn today?

What was the Quasi War?

How were the Alien and Sedition Acts unconstitutional?



               Federalist Era's 10 Opening Events:

1.In 1763 Jefferson quit the cabinet.

2.In 1764 news was going around that Britain was supporting Native Americans in the North West Territory.

3.In 1778 various treaties were signed.

4.In 1789 the French revolution began.

5.In 1789 George Washington had no opposition to resign presidency.

6.1792, George Washington had no opposition to resign presidency.

7.A war occured between France and Great Britain in 1793.

8.The Pinckney Treaty granted the United States all of the concessions they wanted in 1795.

9.The American Daily Advertiser was finally published September 17, 1796.

10.Late in 1798 the Jay Treaty was finished.

NOTE:The paragraphs are not in chronological order.
Federalist Era In Depth:

Thomas Jefferson Quits the Cabinet-Thomas Jefferson quit the cabinet in 1763. Later, Washington was attacked by the people who supported Jefferson. Thomas always had wealth and social position ever since he was born, his beliefs were that in a minimum of government, he favored power at a local level.

Three New Executive Documents Made-In the summer if 1779 congress created three new executive documents. These documents were:Department of State, which was created to take charge in foreign affairs. Department of Treasury, made to take care of national finances, and last, a War Department made to work with and manage the military.

British Plan To Support Indians-In the spring of 1794, news was going around that the British supported the North West Territory Native Americans. This news finalized the congress's decision for war. Hamilton still didn't want this and he begged for Washington to make one last effort to come to a peaceful solution.

Jay Treaty Completed-Late in 1794, the Jay Treaty was finally comlpleted. Britain made a promise that if America would let them trade fur, they would move their forts out of American territory once again.

Pickney Sent To Spain To Settle Differences- Thomas Pinckney was sent to Spain so he could try to settle the long lasting differences between the two nations. The Pinckney Treaty gave the United States all of the
concessions it had been seeking ever since the end of the revolutionary war. These freedoms were all granted: Free navigation of the Mississippi River, the right of deposit at New Orleans, and acknowledgements of the United States's southern boundries.

10 Ammendments Are Rebelled Against-During the times of the Federalist Era large amounts of protesters were against the Ten Ammendments. Some of the ammendments that were rebelled were freedom of speech, and freedom of religion.

Federalists Take Over Power In Office-Many things were in favor for the Federalist party such as these traits:They were very strong in polotics, they could speak and write very well, and they had more over all skills than the Anti-Federalists. Since there was more Federalists elected for government people supported their ideas more generously. This made them the most powerful government source, and that is why during this time people reffered to it as the Federalist Era.

John Hancock Recieves Positive Support-Another Federalist by the name of John Hancock was given lots of support during the Federalist Era from the Constitution and the people as well. His position in polotics gave the Federalist party lots force as a government source. Therefore, he had drastic influence on the Federalist Era.

Washington's First Cabinet-Here are the members of the very first cabinet:Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, Henry Knox, and Edmond Randolph. Washington needed the cabinet's expert opinions but he never had regular meetings with these members.

Washington Backs Out of Second Term Election-Two months before Washington withdrew from the seond term election of 1796, the Federalists decided that they wanted John Adams to run in Washington's place. Each party tried selecting people with good political and national reputation. The Federalists chose Thomas Pinckney to run for Vice President, and the Republicans chose Thomas Jefferson & Aaron Burr to run for President and Vice president. In the end, it was Adams & Pinckney who won.

Photo Credits:

Election of 1796: http://www.teacherspaectoralcollege1796_large.png






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Last Update: October 16, 2018

OBJECTIVES: Students will be able to:



1. list

2. explain the difference between

3. describe the

4. chart on a map the

5. define the terms

6. Explain the significance of

Knowledge: Recall of data.

Comprehension: Understand the meaning, translation, interpolation, and interpretation of instructions and problems. State a problem in one's own words.

Use a concept in a new situation or unprompted use of an abstraction. Applies what was learned in the classroom into novel situations in the workplace.





Separates material or concepts into component parts so that its organizational structure may be understood. Distinguishes between facts and inferences. 

Builds a structure or pattern from diverse elements. Put parts together to form a whole, with emphasis on creating a new meaning or structure.

Make judgments about the value of ideas or materials.

Remember : Recognizing, Recalling
Understand : Interpreting, exemplifying, classifying, summarizing, inferring, comparing, explaining
Apply : Executing, implementing
Analyze : Differentiating, organizing, attributing
Evaluate : checking, critiquing
Create: generating, planning, producing