#73   FDR and the New Deal   ch 21

Last Update: December 19, 2013

OK PASS Objectives


What does the photo above say about Franklin Delano Roosevelt

 Watch FDR 8 min video:

Content Standard 4:
3. Analyze the Great Depression, the Dust Bowl, and the New Deal economic policies.


New Deal a series of initiatives (laws) to bring more security to the American people

What is a "lame duck" session?  
Days between election (Nov) and inauguration (March)

 

Why is a long lame duck period difficult for newly elected officials?  

They don't have the power of the President.

How did the 20th Amendment help the problem?

It shortened the lame duck period from March 20th to January 20th.

A. Evaluate the impact of the Great Depression, the Dust Bowl (e.g., migration of the Okies and exodusters), and the New Deal economic policies on business and agriculture, as well as on the American people, their culture and political behavior. (e.g., FDR’s court packing plan and the “fireside chats”).
FDR's inaugural address

" ... the only thing we have to fear is fear itself."

Quote has been echoed from tome to time:  Fear itself   video

 

FDR had the support of Congress.    

    1.  First Hundred Days Roosevelt presented Congress  with a mass of legislation aimed at social reform  and economic recovery

   2.  Brain Trust was FDR's group of close advisers they advised the unproven economic theories of John Maynard Keynes.

Read p 544.  What was Keynes' proposals?
He advocated central planning and massive economic and social intervention  on the part of the government. (Social Welfare)

            What is "priming the pump"?
Giving Americans government jobs so they will spend their paycheck and "prime the economic pump" of the U.S.

B. Assess the impact of the expanded role of government in the economy since the 1930s. (e.g., FDR’s “New Deal,” deficit spending and new federal agencies – Social Security Administration, FDIC, TVA, WPA, and CCC).
C. Identify the contributions of key individuals of the period between the wars (e.g., Will Rogers, Eleanor Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt, Huey Long, “The Brain Trust,” and Woody Guthrie).
Huey Long (former governor of Louisiana) called for heavy estate taxes that would redistribute wealth to the masses (socialism)
 

ABC's of the New Deal

Three R's

    1.  Relief, Recovery, and Reform

 relief to the needy, recovery to  the nation's economy, and reform so that the Depression didn't happen again.

"fireside chats" where FDR entered the homes of  Americans via the radio, gave millions hope and confidence.

Give the name for each acronym below and purpose of each.  
        CCC WPA TVA SSA NRA  p 496

B. Assess the impact of the expanded role of government in the economy since the 1930s. (e.g., FDR’s “New Deal,” deficit spending and new federal agencies – Social Security Administration, FDIC, TVA, WPA, and CCC).

Fireside chats

CCC -Civilian Conservation Corps 
            put thousands of young men to work improving national parks.

WPA - Works Progress administration
            employed the jobless on construction projects.

TVA - Tennessee Valley Authority 
           erected dams along the Tennessee
           river creating hydro electric plants.

 

SSA - Social Security Administration
          government led old-age pension

NRA - National Recovery Administration
           controlled wages and prices to limit competition
           among businesses.

Watch FDR 2 8 min video :

B. Assess the impact of the expanded role of government in the economy since the 1930s. (e.g., FDR’s “New Deal,” deficit spending and new federal agencies – Social Security Administration, FDIC, TVA, WPA, and CCC).
C. Identify the contributions of key individuals of the period between the wars (e.g., Will Rogers, Eleanor Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt, Huey Long, “The Brain Trust,” and Woody Guthrie).

Social Security Act established a government fund for unemployment and old- age insurance.

Check Stub

C. Identify the contributions of key individuals of the period between the wars (e.g., Will Rogers, Eleanor Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt, Huey Long, “The Brain Trust,” and Woody Guthrie).

Troubles with the Supreme Court.


                          

1.  Roosevelt wanted to retire older justices and  "pack the court" with his men.

    2.  Increase the number of justices from 9 to 15

    3.  Why didn't Congress approve it? they felt it would give too much power to the President

Justice Black and the KKK 9 min video:

A. Evaluate the impact of the Great Depression, the Dust Bowl (e.g., migration of the Okies and exodusters), and the New Deal economic policies on business and agriculture, as well as on the American people, their culture and political behavior.
(e.g., FDR’s court packing plan and the “fireside chats”).
New Deal Failures
 


   1.  U.S. took a big step toward socialism

   2.  New Deal threatened the American tradition of   free enterprise (capitalism)

 

3.  Great cost and inefficiency by 1939, after 6 years of gov reforms, over 9 million workers remained unemployed

   4.  New Deal did little to help the economy, and even prolonged the Depression.

   5.  Laid the foundation for a social welfare state

   6.  Expanded the powers of the Federal Government over business, industry and agriculture.

Watch the Flag Salute Case 1940 7 min video:

C. Identify the contributions of key individuals of the period between the wars (e.g., Will Rogers, Eleanor Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt, Huey Long, “The Brain Trust,” and Woody Guthrie).
Roosevelt's 3rd Term: 
1st President to break from the 2 terms only tradition.

 

Election of 1940

  

After Roosevelt's death, Republicans pass the 22nd Amendment. on February 27, 1951, the 22nd Amendment guaranteed term limits for the president.

   3.  Eleanor Roosevelt became a powerful figure in the New Deal.  She promoted welfare programs and  a world organization to replace the failed League  of Nations.

 
   

Photo Credits:

Inauguration: http://history.sandiego.edu/cdr2/WW2Pics/09043.jpg

Keynes: http://www.adeptis.ru/vinci/john_maynard_keynes3.jpg

Lame Duck: http://www.robinsgroup.ca/images/lameduck.jpg
                    http://www.clasbrain.com/artteenst/uploads/lame_duck.jpg

Eleanor Roosevelt: http://www.usconstitution.com/eleanor%20roosevelt.jpg