#14   The French and Indian War 1754-1763

Causes of French & Indian War
    1. Rivalry in the Ohio Valley over fur trade, territory, fishing rights

     2.   France and England are rivals in Europe so these European wars spill over to America


George Washington


 A young Virginia Ranger fought on the side of the British.

What happened at Ft. Necessity? p 92 Washington was ordered to remove the French from Ft. Duquesne, they were outnumbered and hastily threw up defenses which they later surrendered.

Battle of Fort Duquesne a British defeat at the hands of the French and Indians.


The British Regulars and Colonials were cut down by French and Indians firing from behind trees and rocks. Braddock insisted they maintain ranks in the road.
Watch Battle video


 
Edward Braddock was a stubborn man, convinced that his extensive military experience in Europe would succeed in America. It didn't. His army of 1460 men was soundly defeated by fewer than 850 French and Indians at Fort Duquesne. Braddock had 877 men killed or wounded. Not a solitary field officer, excepting George Washington, escaped unhurt. At the time it was called the Battle of the Monongahela but is now remembered as Braddock's Defeat.
 
Gen Edward Braddock

On July 9, 1755, English General Edward Braddock was mortally wounded, a ball passing through his right arm into his lungs. He fell from his horse.  "Surrounded by the dead, abandoned by the living"His troops refused to rescue him.  He lay on the battlefield for some time before three of his officers carried him from the field. He died three days later.


 

    Battle of Quebec   - turning point in the war, featuring two of the war's best generals: Wolfe (British) and Montcalm (French)    won by the British on the Plains of Abraham    

Watch 11 min Battle of Quebec video: (after beginning, fastforward to 6:20)

Peace of Paris
This treaty ended the French and Indian War

    1. England receives all of Canada and lands East of the Mississippi River.        
    2.  France gives remaining New World territory to Spain 

    3.  Spain gives Florida to England.

A French (Catholic) victory could have led to the persecution of North American Protestants.  The British victory in the war paved the way for future American religious freedoms in which all faiths-including Roman Catholicism would share.



 

   

What questions came to the British colonists after Pontiac's War?  p 95  What was the use of this costly British army if they can't offer us basic protection (from the Indians)?

Photo Credits:

Before and after 1763 maps: http://faculty.umf.maine.edu/~walters/web%20230/map-7yr-war.jpg

Ft. Necessity: http://www.capshaws.com/George%20Washington%20at%20Ft.%20Necessity.jpg

Last Update: September 25, 2014

OBJECTIVES: Students will be able to:

1. list

2. explain the difference between

3. describe the

4. chart on a map the

5. define the terms

6. Explain the significance of

Knowledge: Recall of data.

Comprehension: Understand the meaning, translation, interpolation, and interpretation of instructions and problems. State a problem in one's own words.

Application:
Use a concept in a new situation or unprompted use of an abstraction. Applies what was learned in the classroom into novel situations in the workplace.

Analysis:
Separates material or concepts into component parts so that its organizational structure may be understood. Distinguishes between facts and inferences. 

Synthesis:
Builds a structure or pattern from diverse elements. Put parts together to form a whole, with emphasis on creating a new meaning or structure.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evaluation:
Make judgments about the value of ideas or materials.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remember : Recognizing, Recalling
Understand : Interpreting, exemplifying, classifying, summarizing, inferring, comparing, explaining
Apply : Executing, implementing
Analyze : Differentiating, organizing, attributing
Evaluate : checking, critiquing
Create: generating, planning, producing