#13        French Frontier Feuds 

    First French explorers  came in search of 
     the Northwest Passage.
                                  Watch Leviathan 3 min video


                French Explorers

Jacques Cartier  discovered the St. Lawrence River

    Samuel de Champlain founded the settlement of Quebec, and became the Father of New France.



Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette first French explorers of the Mississippi 1673

Robert Cavalier de la Salle  first to sail down 
                Mississippi River to the Gulf and claim for King of France, Louis XIV  "Louisiana"



   New France

1. French did build forts along the St. Lawrence and Ohio River

    2.  developed a good relationship with the Indians.

    3.  never heavily populated Why?

            1.  most French colonists were hunters and traders and never established permanent homes.

            2.  lacked self-government

            3.  lacked religious freedom.

French New World
claims before 1763

French Legacy

    language, geographical names, religion, government, customs, and traditions.  

   New Orleans best known city of French heritage in America.

Frontier Feuds: 

England and France rivals in the Ohio Valley region

Between 1689 and 1763 four wars erupted in Europe and spilled over to the New World.

Queen Anne's War 1702-1713

King George's War- 1743-1748

French and Indian War- 1754-1763

  King William's War - 1689-1697


Read A Redeemed Captive p 90

What happened to the Deerfield captives?  A combined French and Indian war party attacked the frontier town of Deerfield, Massachusetts and took over 100 captive.  In captivity the French tried to convert them to Catholicism.  For some it didn't work, and in 1706 57 of the Deerfield captives were returned to Boston.

There was one brave captive who was seen in the eyes of the other captives as compassionate and heroic only thinking of others and never himself... His name was Josiah Cap. So impressed were the French and Indian commanders of the Deerfield Raid that a new French word "Captive" was named after Josiah who saved the lives of many of the Deerfield party.


Photo Credits:

Last Update: September 24, 2018





OBJECTIVES: Students will be able to:

1. list

2. explain the difference between

3. describe the

4. chart on a map the

5. define the terms

6. Explain the significance of

Remember Recognizing, Recalling
Understand : Interpreting, exemplifying, classifying, summarizing, inferring, comparing, explaining
Apply : Executing, implementing
Analyze : Differentiating, organizing, attributing
Evaluate : checking, critiquing
Create: generating, planning, producing

Knowledge: Recall of data.

Comprehension: Understand the meaning, translation, interpolation, and interpretation of instructions and problems. State a problem in one's own words.

Use a concept in a new situation or unprompted use of an abstraction. Applies what was learned in the classroom into novel situations in the workplace.

Separates material or concepts into component parts so that its organizational structure may be understood. Distinguishes between facts and inferences. 

Builds a structure or pattern from diverse elements. Put parts together to form a whole, with emphasis on creating a new meaning or structure.

Make judgments about the value of ideas or materials.