#55          Indian Affairs  Last Update: January 16, 2019

Plains Indian

Comanche Chief Quanah Parker
  Just before the Civil War the tens of thousands of Plains Indians were still free to roam over 1/2 the country.
    1.  White settlers and Indians clashed for
          land rights

    2.  Blackfeet, Dakotas, Cheyennes, Crows, 
         Comanches, Sioux, Pawnee, and Omaha.

    3.  Indians depended upon the buffalo
    4.  Railroads hired buffalo hunters. 
          By 1885 fewer than one thousand left,

          the Indian way of life was destroyed

                                                                                                                       Watch 2 min Buffalo Hunting video:

OK PASS Objectives

Content Standard 2: The student will analyze the impact of immigration, the settlement of the American West 1,2,3,4,5,6, and industrialization on American society)1,2,3,4,5.


 Indian tepee

                   Watch Dances With Wolves Buffalo Hunt:  14 min  video.



Sioux Chief 
        Red Cloud

Plains Indian Wars 

        1.  Indian way of life threatened war
              was inevitable.
        2.  Whenever Indians went on the
  the federal government
              sent in troops.


Black Hills  -  were promised to the Sioux by the federal government in exchange for peace  Treaty of Deadwood

    Gold discovered / treaty breached / war ensued

Black Hills South Dakota


Battle of Little Big Horn

most famous battle of
the Sioux War
George Armstrong


foolishly led his army into a trap
led by Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull

Watch Custer's Last Stand 9 min video fast forward to 4 min

E. Compare and contrast social attitudes and federal policies toward Native American peoples (e.g., the Indian Wars of 1850-1890, establishment of reservations, attempts at assimilation and the Dawes Act, and the destruction of the bison herds) and actions of the United States Army, missionaries, and settlers during the settlement of the American West, 1850-1890.


Crazy Horse Memorial

Sitting Bull and Buffalo Bill
Chief Joseph   leader of the Nez Perce tried to lead his people
                               to Canada but
were captured 30 miles from border.
    Geronimo  last of the Apache Plains Indians to surrender
    Ghost Dance Religion - stirred up Indian aggression
                                      by Wovoka
"Indian Messiah" / Great Spirit
                                      opens up the earth and swallows the whiteman
                                      and releases the buffalo
What eventually happened to Chief Joseph?
                killed while resisting arrest

    Describe the tragic ending to the Battle of Wounded Knee
     Women children and warriors were murdered


           Watch Wounded Knee 14 min video :
Chief Big Foot, leader of the Lakota band massacred at Wounded Knee, photographed several days after his death when troops came to bury the frozen bodies.  

   Dawes      Act 

this law broke up the tribal bands and assigned each Indian 160 acres  In 1924, Congress granted full U.S. citizenship to all Indians.

Helen Hunt Jackson - famous novelist who pointed out that the Indians had often been treated unjustly


Legacy of the West  very colorful and exciting part of American History

dime novels:  cheap western novels heroic love stories

Buffalo Bill famous buffalo hunter turned showman

Kit Carson famous explorer and frontier legend
Jesse James famous train robber

      Pecos Bill                         Paul Bunyan

                   legendary frontier figures.

Calamity Jane  Annie Oakley  sharpshooters
Name 5 western songs.  

dime novels
    Pecos Bill, Paul Bunyan
    Calamity Jane
    Annie Oakley
    Name 5 western songs.

                Western movies


Photo Credits:

Video: Dances with Wolves video

South Dakota Map: http://www.planetware.com/i/map/US/south-dakota-map.jpg

Custer: http://www.manataka.org/images/Little_Big_Horn_Battle.jpg

Little Big Horn Battle: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8e/Bighornbattle_en.png

Indian Lands for Sale: http://www.historicaltrauma.com/indianland.jpg