#51  Industry and Invention ch 16

Capitalism  an economic system in which individuals are free to follow their economic pursuits as they see fit.

    Free Enterprise  AKA Capitalism. 

Updated: December 22, 2015

OK PASS Objectives

Content Standard 2: The student will analyze the impact of immigration, the settlement of the American West and industrialization on American society

GNP 
G
ross National Product  total output of goods and services within a country.
 

entrepreneur 

a person who takes business risks in the hopes of someday making a profit.
    they roll up their sleeves and get to work.

OK PASS Objectives

Content Standard 2

2. Evaluate the impact of industrialization on American society.

Captains of Industry  

19th century businessmen and bankers who dominated their respective industries and amassed huge personal fortunes. In the 1880s they were more powerful than the President.

AKA Robber Barons- they made their fortunes on the backs of the employee (little guy)


Starting with (from left to right) John D. Rockefeller,
Andrew Carnegie, Cornelius Vanderbilt, and J.P. Morgan

 


A. Identify the impact of new inventions and industrial production methods, including new technologies in transportation and communication between 1850-1920 (e.g., Thomas Edison, Alexander G. Bell, Henry Ford, the Bessemer process,
(e.g., Women's Suffrage, Temperance, Populism, and the Grange Movement) that resulted in government policies affecting child labor, wages, working conditions, trade, monopolies, taxation and the money supply

Cornelius Vanderbilt     RR tycoon in New York
                                         and Pennsylvania

  Jay Gould                      RR tycoon in southwest

  Andrew Carnegie        created US Steel Company it
                                became the leading producer of iron
                                    and steel in the United States.
                                       Watch America the Story of Us Cities: Andrew Carnegie 11min video

    1.  Perhaps Carnegie is best remembered for
         his philanthropic endeavors Carnegie Hall

  John D. Rockefeller        developed Standard Oil Co.                                                                                                        Watch America the Story of Us: Rise of the Oil Industry 11min video

  J .P. Morgan                   Finance and banking

(e.g., Sherman Anti-trust Act and Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire).
*C.

 

Assess the impact of industrialization, the expansion of international markets, urbanization, and immigration on the economy.

Innovations

Civil War inventions  sole-sewing machine, 
                                  packaged cereals, canned food

 

 

Bessemer process

developed in America by Andrew Carnegie was a cheap way to converted iron into steel

 

 

The Westinghouse Company,

founded by George Westinghouse developed cheap electricity and home appliances

 

 

 

 

OK PASS Objectives

Content Standard 2

 

2. Evaluate the impact of industrialization on American society
A. Identify the impact of new inventions and industrial production methods, including new technologies the Bessemer process,

 

 

 

 

the Westinghouse Company

Alexander Bell 1876  patented the telephone

   
Watch How the Telephone Works 5 min video:


Watch The New I Pod Telephone 2 min video:

OK PASS Objectives

Content Standard 2

A. Identify the impact of new inventions and industrial production methods, including new technologies in transportation and communication between 1850-1920 (e.g., Thomas Edison, Alexander G. Bell,

Thomas Edison  AKA the greatest inventor  in history and the "Wizard of Menlo Park"

    1.  said  " genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration"

    2.  invented the light bulb and hundreds of ways  to use electricity

Watch America the Story of Us Cities: Edison, Light bulb 5min video or

Watch Thomas A. Edison Modern Marvels 43 min video

OK PASS Objectives

Content Standard 2

2. Evaluate the impact of industrialization on American society
A. Identify the impact of new inventions and industrial production methods, including new technologies in transportation and communication between 1850-1920 (e.g., Thomas Edison, Alexander G. Bell, Henry Ford, the Bessemer process, the Westinghouse Company, barbed wire, and the western cattle drives).

 

   4-H Clubs    young farmers group 
                                head, heart, hand, and health

Photo Credits:

Bell / telephone: http://www.copper.org/applications/telecomm/images/historical014.JPG

Thomas Edison: http://www.bu.edu/webcentral/learning/fireworks2/graphics/thomas_edison.jpg

Robber Barons: http://knowledgenews.net/moxie/moxiepix/a2311.jpg

4H: http://pearl.agcomm.okstate.edu/video/vidp21fa.gif