#56   International Expansion   ch 17 

Last Update: November 13, 2015

OK PASS Objectives

Content Standard 1: 6. Evaluate the continuing impact of Reconstruction policies on the South

 

Content Standard 3. The student will analyze the changing role of the United States in world affairs at the turn of the twentieth century. A. Identify the goals of and reasons for imperialism influence of Admiral Alfred T. Mahan 1 , and the concept of “white man’s burden”

Turn in your textbooks to page 393.

What were the three main goals of the American foreign policymakers after the Civil War?

1.  defend the Western Hemisphere from European powers

2.  create new economic opportunities for American trade in other countries

3.  extend the territory of the U.S. through purchase, annexation, and conquest

The "White man's Burden" 1 whites have a moral duty and obligation to help "the poor" "better" themselves whether the poor want the help or not.

In the 1860s French Emperor Napoleon III sent Archduke Maximilian of Austria to Mexico
to establish a French empire in Mexico.

    The United States used the principle of the Monroe Doctrine to drive France out of Mexico.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Archduke Maximilian of Austria taken to be executed.

Content Standard 2: The student will analyze the impact of immigration, the settlement of the American West 1,2,3,4,5,6, and industrialization on American society)1,2,3,4,5.

 

a British built ship, damaged U.S. shipping during the Civil War
    1.  U.S. demanded that Britain pay the claims
    2.  Treaty of Washington  sent the case to arbitration (settling a dispute by a third party)
    3.  U.S. was awarded $15.5 million
 

Commodore Matthew Perry  sailed a fleet of warships to Japan to seek a trade agreement.

Townshend Harris :  became first ambassador to Japan

Townshend Harris Treaty opened trade doors with Japan and allowed Christian missionaries in Japan

Jonathan Goble  :  returned to Japan as a missionary, invented rickshaw

Content Standard 3. The student will analyze the changing role of the United States in world affairs at the turn of the twentieth century.

What is the Open Door Policy ? a policy of an open door of trade between the U.S. and China. A. Identify the goals of and reasons for imperialism (e.g., Open Door Policy ,
Who were the Boxers?

Radical Chinese nationalists who
practiced a martial art exercise in which
they boxed the air with their fists.

Content Standard 3. The student will analyze the changing role of the United States in world affairs at the turn of the twentieth century.
1. Evaluate the motivations and impact of American Imperialism on international
relations.
A. Identify the goals of and reasons for imperialism (e.g., Open Door Policy , annexation of Hawaii,
Boxer Rebellion
    1.  Boxers hated Christianity and murdered over 200
         Americans
(foreign devils) and missionaries
    2.  U.S. sent troops to put down the rebellion.
When China was defeated by Japan in 1895,
European powers responded with a policy they called, "carving up the Chinese melon."
Following the partitioning of Africa among
European powers, they turned their sights to
what they saw as a terminally weak Chinese government. European powers and America began to scramble for what was called "spheres of interest."

Content Standard 2: The student will analyze the impact of immigration, the settlement of the American West 1,2,3,4,5,6, and industrialization on American society)1,2,3,4,5.

Imperialism:
extension of power by one people or country over another country or region.
Content Standard 3.
1. Evaluate the motivations and impact of American Imperialism on international
relations.
Alaska and Hawaii
Secretary of State William Seward wanted to buy Alaska from Russia for $7.5 mil

 

1.  Critics called Alaska
           Sewards Folly or Seward's Ice Box
    Alaska's value
     2.  Added 600,000 sq mil to U.S.
     3.  Rich in natural resources, coal, oil, gas
     4.  Removed another European power
          from the Western Hemisphere
     5.  Gold was discovered in the Klondike
     6.  49th state in 1959                  Watch Alaska Gold Rush 7 min video:

Content Standard 2: The student will analyze the impact of immigration, the settlement of the American West 1,2,3,4,5,6, and industrialization on American society)1,2,3,4,5.

Samoan, Pago Pago used as a coaling station for ships  in the Pacific
 
Capt James Cook,  English explorer, discovered the
                                      Hawaiian Islands in 1778

Queen Liliuokalani wanted to make Hawaii for Hawaiians
    Later Hawaii was annexed to the U.S. in 1900 and became the 50th state in 1959

Content Standard 3. The student will analyze the changing role of the United States in world affairs at the turn of the twentieth century.
1. Evaluate the motivations and impact of American Imperialism on international
relations.
A. Identify the goals of and reasons for imperialism (e.g., Open Door Policy , annexation of Hawaii,

  Watch The States, Hawaii 9 min video

Photo Credits:

Mpa of Japan: http://www.spacetoday.org/images/Japan/JapanMap.jpg

Treaty of Washington: http://www.corbisimages.com/images/BK001518.jpg

Rickshaw: http://www.drben.net/files/SiteDeco/Animations_GIF

Yukon map: http://www.pc.gc.ca/~/media/lhn-nhs/yt/klondike/yukonmap.ashx

Africa: http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/willow/history-of-africa3.gif