#4  Into the Wilderness:   Spanish Legacy in America 

    After Columbus, Spain took the lead
        in exploration and colonization in
        the New World.

    Spanish Conquistadors-  Spanish noblemen that explored and conquered the New World.  
        3 reasons they went exploring:
            1.  Gold

            2.  Glory

            3.  God

 Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León set out in search of the legendary 
fountain of youth in 1513. He did not find it, but he did find Florida, 
which he attempted to colonize. He was attacked by natives and died after 
escaping to Cuba. The painting here shows him with his band of explorers, 
receiving water from the what he believed was the fountain of youth.

Ponce de Leon  1513-
 1.  governor of Puerto Rico
 2.  searched for the fountain of youth 

3. and discovered Florida
4. established St. Augustine (1st permanent Spanish settlement in the New World)

                                                                                                                                                      Watch San Marcos video 3 min: w/?s

Vasco de Balboa 

    Vasco de Balboa  1513
        1.  crossed the Isthmus of Panama 

     2.  discovered the Pacific Ocean 
        3.  1st time Europeans realized a vast ocean
       lay between the New World and the Far East


Ferdinand Magellan

    Ferdinand Magellan  1519   -  5 ships
        1.  began a three year voyage around the world
        2.  he was killed in the Philippines
        3.  only one ship and 18 men made it home
        4.  proved world was round ( circumnavigate)

    Hernando Cortes    1519

    1.  conquered the Aztec Indians of Mexico
    2.  Aztecs were led by chieftain Montezuma
    3.  Aztecs were advanced civilization with
        calendar, impressive architecture and
        pagan religion with human sacrifices. video
    4.  Cortes received help from neighboring
        tribes to conqueror the Aztecs

Francisco Pizarro   1533

         Watch Genghis Khan / Inca King Atahualpa 6min video: w/?s

    1.  conquered the Inca Indians in Peru
    2.  confiscated the Indians' gold, and
        silver and forced them into slavery

   Watch Pizarro Conquerors the Incas 20 min video

Francisco Coronado  1540  searched for the

"Seven Cities of Cibola"

        1.  Explored the American southwest
        2.  discovered Grand Canyon and Pueblo Indians
        3.  first European to cross present day
            Oklahoma and wrote in a journal, bringing
            history to Oklahoma for the first time.

Hernando de Soto  1541

        1.  Explored the American southeast
        2.  also crossed into Oklahoma
        3.  discovered Mississippi River 

Juan Cabrillo  1542

   1.   Discovered California

Last Update: August 30, 2018

Students will learn

OBJECTIVES: Students will be able to:

1. list

2. explain the difference between

3. describe the

4. chart on a map the

5. define the terms

6. Explain the significance of

Knowledge: Recall of data.








Comprehension: Understand the meaning, translation, interpolation, and interpretation of instructions and problems. State a problem in one's own words.






Use a concept in a new situation or unprompted use of an abstraction. Applies what was learned in the classroom into novel situations in the workplace.










Separates material or concepts into component parts so that its organizational structure may be understood. Distinguishes between facts and inferences. 












Builds a structure or pattern from diverse elements. Put parts together to form a whole, with emphasis on creating a new meaning or structure.






Make judgments about the value of ideas or materials.










Remember : Recognizing, Recalling
Understand : Interpreting, exemplifying, classifying, summarizing, inferring, comparing, explaining
Apply : Executing, implementing
Analyze : Differentiating, organizing, attributing
Evaluate : checking, critiquing
Create: generating, planning, producing