#90 Nixon and the Silent Majority ch 24

Last Update: November 15, 2015

OK PASS Objectives

Silent Majority:  Nixon coined this term as the Americans that supported him: hardworking, quiet, respectable, decent citizens AKA "Middle America"

Watch President Nixon 7 min video

Content Standard 6:

C. Evaluate the causes and long term foreign and domestic consequences of United States’ military commitments in Southeast Asia, including the Vietnam War the presidential elections of   1972;

Nixon's foreign policy: 

Cold War still raging

    1.  detente  was a lessening of tensions between the two super powers.

    2.  SALT   agreement led to fewer nuclear weapons

    3.  Nixon visits Red China  (communist) & opened trade doors

  

E. Analyze the reasons for the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, and relate the end of the Cold War to new challenges to the United States’ leadership role in the world.

Court ordered school busing Watch Boston Busing 6min video
                                                           

After 100 years of racial segregation the Supreme Court ordered school integration (mixing of blacks and whites)

"White flight"

 

A. Describe de jure and de facto segregation policies, attempts at desegregation and integration, and the impact of the Civil Rights Movement

  4.  OPEC oil crisis  upped the price of oil so the Alaska pipeline was built as a result.
G. Examine the postwar rise in the standard of living, the OPEC Oil Embargo, the inflation of the 1970s

Nixon and Vietnam

In an effort to pursuade North Vietnamese to make peace Nixon authorized air raids into Cambodia, Laos, and massive bombing of North Vietnam.  This did little to end the war

 

Content Standard 6:

C. Evaluate the causes and long term foreign and domestic consequences of United States’ military commitments in Southeast Asia, including the Vietnam War the presidential elections of 1968  and 1972; student protests; expanded television coverage of the war; and the War Powers Act).

William Calley and the My Lai massacre 

Read p 582

Why did Americans sympathize with Calley? he was made a scapegoat or he was being persecuted by antiwar movement

Watch My Lai Inquiry 2min Video

Another My Lai Inquiry 9min Video

 

 

Pentagon Papers

1971 revealed the government's blunders and deceptions in the conduct of the war. Watch Vietnam War Beginning to End video, fast forward to 17 min for Pentagon Papers

1975 Vietnam war was over and North Vietnam united with South Vietnam to make one Vietnam

Congress passes the

War Powers Act which forces a president to withdraw troops after 60 days if Congress doesn't declare war.

student protests; expanded television coverage of the war; and the War Powers Act).

Life in the early 1970s

Watch 1972 Munich Olympics 5 min video

 

1970s      

1.  Saw a rise in the environmental movement

2.  New Age liberalism    1st "Earth Day" was celebrated

     3.  pantheism  the worship of nature

    4.  Conservation    being wise stewards of our nation's resources.

5.  Disco music, bell bottoms, plaid clothes, platform shoes, Saturday Night Fever

Watch You Should Be Dancing YouTube 2 min video

Watch Apollo 14 Golf Shot 3 min   video:

    26th Amendment was passed as a result of 18 year olds being drafted and dying in Vietnam but not able to vote.

    26th Amendment  lowered the voting age from 21 to 18.

 

6.  Henry Kissinger  Nixon's Secretary of State who helped with the negotiation with other nations and became the spokesman for detente.

 

 

Photo Credits:

Silent Majority: http://press.princeton.edu/images/k8044.gif

Busing http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2008/07/15/magazine/20integration.3.jpg

Bombing Vietnam: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_8_ENVYw/s400/Bombing_in_Vietnam.jpg

My Lai: http://www.inminds.co.uk/my-lai-1.jpg

Pantheism: http://home.utm.net/pan/whatis.jpg

Disco: http://www.mcm.net/cm/image/dictionnaire/disco01.jpg

18 Year Olds Voting: http://americanhistory.si.edu/vote/small/6_02_sm.jpg

Nixon and Mao: http://www.archives.nysed.gsyrimages/syrCh_images/NixonMao.jpg

OPEC: http://www.blueprint-magazine.de/blue_9/opec.jpg

Kissinger: http://www.bongnews.com/StoryImages/kissinger.jpg

Life Rally: http://www.georgiabulletin.org/media/images/archive/gb/030116-a1.jpg