#52  Reform and Reaction          ch 16

Updated: December 22, 2015

OK PASS Objectives

President Hayes remembered for?

    1.  Reconstruction Ended

    2.  Attempts at civil service reform

        Before the Civil War government officials were hired by the spoils system

        Reforms hiring on the basis of merit/ qualifications for  your job

        Now government employees take a civil service test

    3.  Charles Schurz, cabinet member who encouraged civil service reform

(Already viewed in Reconstructon of the North)  Watch President Rutherford Hayes President 10 min video

Content Standard 2: The student will analyze the impact of immigration, the settlement of the American West and industrialization on American society.
4.  Lemonade Lucy   no alcoholic beverages!!
 

Who were the Stalwarts and Half-Breeds? p 360

Stalwarts were conservatives that opposed Hayes attempt at reconciling with the South

Halfbreeds were more liberal who backed Hayes' lenient treatment of the South

 
 

Election of 1880       
1.  James Garfield elected President, Chester A. Arthur V.P.

2.  Charles J. Guiteau  disgruntled office seeker
assassinated Garfield

                                                                                  Watch President Garfield 7 min video:

 
In 1881, Alexander Graham Bell constructed a crude metal detector in an attempt to find an assassin's bullet in President James Garfield. Gerhard Fischar patented a portable version in 1931.
 

Garfield's only real accomplishment was his strong stance on civil service reform.

President Arthur

1.  upgrades the U.S. Navy and signs the

2.  Pendleton Act  this law became the basis for the modern civil service reform

     Watch President Arthur 6 min video:

Presidents Cleveland, Harrison

    Cleveland won the Election of 1884     

    Mugwamps  :  independent minded Republicans who refused to accept the Republican  nominee James G. Blaine


Content Standard 2:

1. Analyze the impact of
D. Evaluate the significance of immigration on the labor supply and the movement to organize workers (e.g., growth of labor pool, rise of the labor movement, Pullman strikes, Haymarket Riot, Eugene V. Debs, Samuel Gompers, John L. Lewis, and the use of court injunctions to halt labor strikes).

Grover Cleveland , won election of 1884

    1.  Only President to be elected to nonconsecutive terms

    2.  First Democrat to be elected since Civil War

    3.  First President to be married in White House married Francis Folsom,  21, youngest first lady.

4.  Twice as many vetoes as all the previous presidents combined.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Watch Election of 1884 and President Cleveland 7 min video:

 

Big business and the courts 8 min video

Protective Tariff Question 

    Mc Kinley Tariff of 1890           
     High protective tariff 
 

        1.  helped domestic manufacturing against foreign competition.

        2.  U. S. treasury overflowing by mid 1880's  

What was the main consequence to a high protective tariff? p 363 2c 1p

a rise in the inefficiency in American industry and foreign competition was reduced.

Interstate Commerce Act
                                             all railroad rates had to be the same

Sherman Antitrust Act :  monopolizing was illegal

Content Standard 2

1. Analyze the impact of
D. Evaluate the significance of immigration on the labor supply and the movement to organize workers (e.g., growth of labor pool,

Election of 1888

Benjamin Harrison   
            (grandson of William Henry Harrison)

                                                        Watch President Harrison 4 min video:

    1.  Harrison was not a dynamic President (he thought it was the job of the legislature to initiate laws)

    2.  Czar Reed aggressive House leader (Reed's Rules)

Watch Justice Fields 4 min video:

 

Cleveland's second term.

        1.  Panic of 1893
                                                                                       Watch President Cleveland's Second Term  4 min video :

The Grange   (farmers movement)   latter part of the 19th century Granger Movement, agrarian movement  in the United States, initiated shortly after  the American Civil War with the aim of  improving the social, economic, and political  status of farmers.
Why?  1. unrest among farmers

Causes?

1.  declining prices of farm products

2.  the growing indebtedness of  farmers to merchants and banks

3.  discriminatory freight rates imposed
on farmers by the railroads

co-ops   farmers fight back by organizing co-ops

     1.  a business operated for the benefit of its
                                    members.
Oliver Hudson Kelley, principal founder and first Secretary of the National Grange

Free Silver Movement  these people wanted the
                                              government to use silver in coins
                            so the price of silver goes up.

    Why did farmers support free coinage of silver?

 

 

OK PASS Objectives

Content Standard 2

 

1. Analyze the impact of
D. Evaluate the significance of immigration on the labor supply and the movement to organize workers (e.g., growth of labor pool,

(e.g., Women's Suffrage, Temperance, Populism, and the Grange Movement) that resulted in government policies affecting child labor, wages, working conditions, trade, monopolies, taxation and the money supply

 

 

 

Election of 1896

William McKinley  Republican candidate

William McKinley  Republican candidate

1.  was famous for  the McKinley Tariff

  2.  carried on a front porch campaign

 

   Populist party or People's Party movement


William Jennings Bryan  Democratic candidate
    1.    famous for his Cross of Gold speech.  

       2.   campaigned for free silver

   Bryan ran for the
 Presidency 4 times and was defeated each time.

 Cartoon to the left says " I stand where I stood three years ago!"

Photo Credits:

Election map : http://www.teachersparadise.com/ency/en/media/9/9c

/electoralcollege1880_large.png


1. Analyze the impact of
D. Evaluate the significance of immigration on the labor supply and the movement to organize workers (e.g., growth of labor pool,

(e.g., Women's Suffrage, Temperance, Populism, and the Grange Movement) that resulted in government policies affecting child labor, wages, working conditions, trade, monopolies, taxation and the money supply