Age of Jefferson 1800-1814 or "Era of Good Feelings"
1. 1st President to take oath in White House 2. 1st Democrat/Republican President and a strict constructionalist of the constitution
3. U. S. doubles its size Louisiana Purchase 4. Fought war to protect rights on high seas.
War of 1812
Jefferson did not make wholesale changes by removing all Federalists officials and replacing them with Demo/Republicans.
Famous Supreme Court Cases during Era of Good Feeling
1. Marbury was a "midnight" judge appointed by Pres Adams.
2. Madison was a Jefferson cabinet officer who refused to deliver the commission.
3. Chief Justice John Marshall said Marbury was "entitled" to the commission but section 13 of the Juciciary Act of 1801 was unconstitutional. So no commission.
Marbury v. Madison
Far reaching effects:
Doctrine of Judicial Review: right of a court to hear a case
Precedent established: Now the Supreme Court can declare any act of Congress unconstitutional (Checks and Balances) Watch video on the Supreme Court #4
McCulloch v. Maryland
1. Maryland legislature passed a law taxing the Baltimore branch of thenational bank 2. Mc Culloch was a national bank tellerwho was to collect a state tax from eachtransaction. 3. Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that astate cannot tax the federal government. Strengthened government's right of Implied Powers found in the "necessary and proper clause" of constitution.
1. New York state legislature passed a law giving a ferrying monopoly toRobert Livingston & Robert Fulton 2. Gibbons (from New Jersey) refused to obtaina license from New York 3. John Marshall ruled that only Congresshas the right to regulate commerce (trade)between the states.P 664 clause 3 The states decreased in power and the federal government increased in power!!!
John Marshall's legacy
1. Supreme Court continued to handdown decisions favorable to the nationalgovernment
2. Marshall's 34 years broadened thepower of national government making it stronger and the states' power weaker.
What did we learn today?
What were some firsts with the Age of Jefferson ?
Name a Supreme Court case that established a precedent?
Jefferson Monument: http://ourcountryspresident.filesthomas_jefferson_monument_dc1.jpg
Dartmouth College Case: http://www.climate.org/images/250px-DanielWebster_DartmouthCollegeCase.jpg
Marbury v. Madison: http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3272/2959538987_a809b3a937.jpg
October 23, 2017
OBJECTIVES: Students will be able to: 1. list 2. explain the difference between 3. describe the 4. chart on a map the 5. define the terms 6. Explain the significance of Knowledge: Recall of data. Comprehension: Understand the meaning, translation, interpolation, and interpretation of instructions and problems. State a problem in one's own words.
Use a concept in a new situation or unprompted use of an abstraction. Applies what was learned in the classroom into novel situations in the workplace.
Separates material or concepts into component parts so that its organizational structure may be understood. Distinguishes between facts and inferences.
Builds a structure or pattern from diverse elements. Put parts together to form a whole, with emphasis on creating a new meaning or structure.
Make judgments about the value of ideas or materials.