#9    Rhythms of Life

Middle Colonies were known as the bread colonies

Large degree of ethnic diversity in the colonies.

Scotch-Irish and Germans were the largest  non-English immigration group to settle in the English colonies.

Southern colonies         plantations , tobacco, indigo & later cotton and slavery

    90% of all colonists used agriculture for their livelihood

New England colonies

-  long winters short growing seasons


Colonial Social Classes: Aristocracy, middle class, indentured servants, slaves

Colonial population exploded  250,000 in 1700 to 2.5 million in 1770.  Why?

 1.  Immigration

 2.  Marriages were also a contributing factor to the population increase.  Greater # of women married at an earlier age

3.  10% of mothers and babies died in childbirth, 18th century Europe was much higher 50%

Disease and epidemics (diphtheria) spread quickly from cities to frontier.

Colonies did flourish, the family becoming a central factor.  Becoming isolated, independent, and largely self-sufficient.

                                                                                           Watch Melting Cultures Together 3 min video

Slave Trade

most slaves came from middle Africa along a route known as the Middle Passage

                                                                                                             Watch Middle Passage 9 min video

                                                                       Watch USS Constellation  and the Middle Passage 17 min video

 Mercantilism- colonies exist for the good of the mother country. colonies furnish the mother country with raw materials, then colonies buy back the finished products.

 bartered - trading or exchanging goods
    domestic system -  manufacturing at home

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Last Update: September 10, 2013

OBJECTIVES: Students will be able to:

1. list

2. explain the difference between

3. describe the

4. chart on a map the

5. define the terms

6. Explain the significance of










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Knowledge: Recall of data.

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Use a concept in a new situation or unprompted use of an abstraction. Applies what was learned in the classroom into novel situations in the workplace.











Separates material or concepts into component parts so that its organizational structure may be understood. Distinguishes between facts and inferences. 










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