Watch Civil War April 1865 25 min video

Lesson # 47 Road to Appomattox

April 1865 The Month That Saved America 

  How wars end is just as crucial as to how they began and were fought

  Lincoln is re-elected in 1864 / inaugurated March 1865 and wants "malice toward none and charity for all"

Early April

1.  Gen Grant marches on Richmond Va

2.  Gen Sherman marches unopposed in the South toward North Carolina

3.  Lincoln wants peace, Davis wants to continue


General Lee 

1. idolizes George Washington

2. John Wilkes Booth plots to assassinate Lincoln

3. South enlists black soldiers (weird)

4. @ Battle of Petersburg the North is trenched in and attacked by Gen Lee

5. Lincoln visits battle and tries to avoid one last great battle


General Lee vs General Grant

1. locked in conflict nearly everyday for a year

2. Grant before the war was a clerk (average man)

3. Lee's army lacks supplies

4. April 1st @ Five Forks North wins battle

5. South abandons Confederate capital Richmond and the North burns the city


Battle of Richmond

1. black troops for the North help take Richmond

2. Confederate President Davis leaves and makes Danville Va the new Confederate capital.

2. Lincoln visits Richmond and declares "it's the beginning of the end"

3. Lee's army starving and out of rations

#47   Road to
  ch 14

War in the Wilderness

March to the Sea  led by William T. Sherman 
"scorched earth policy"
(Total War)
     Watch 32min Sherman's March to the Sea video:

       Or Watch Sherman's tactics 9 min video

Last Update: December 3, 2018

OK PASS Objectives



Sherman wanted to show Southerners that resistance was futile
Content Standard 1: The student will analyze causes, key events, and effects of the Civil War/Reconstruction era.

Republican (aka "Union Party")   Election of 1864  Abraham Lincoln wins a second term with Andrew Johnson as VP


Watch President Lincoln 3 6 min video:


Appomattox Court House, Virginia

April 9, 1865


Lee surrenders to Grant 

South's officers could keep sidearms, and horses or mules, and Grant gave Lee's starving army rations of food.

3. Identify political and military leaders of the war (e.g., Abraham Lincoln,

Ulysses S. Grant,

Jefferson Davis,

Robert E. Lee,

and Lee's surrender at Appomattox.

The Price of conflict

Nearly 600,000 soldiers died during the Civil War, but bullets  and cannon balls weren't the biggest killers.

"For every one killed in battle almost two died of disease," 
said Bill Hinks of Denver, Pa.

Most tragic loss was human life. 
   Buildings, bridges, countryside destroyed

Harvest of the Civil War

1.  Union preserved

2.  slavery was abolished

3.  Union emerged stronger than ever

4.  U.S. recognized as strongest, most democratic  and greatest nation in the world

Lincoln Assassinated by John Wilkes Booth
@ Ford's Theatre watching  
"Our American Cousin "

What did we learn today?

What was the march to the sea?

What was the price of the Civil War ?

More on Lincoln's assassination in lesson # 48.  Watch Lincoln Assassination 21min video


3. Identify political and military leaders of the war (e.g., Abraham Lincoln,

Ulysses S. Grant,

Jefferson Davis,

Robert E. Lee,

4. Interpret the importance of critical developments in the war, including major battles

, and the North’s “total war strategy”),


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