United States History  Review for Final Exam     Name: ____________________
Teacher: Mr. Cap                         Last Update: April 14, 2010

The 2nd Semester Exam will be a yearly comprehensive exam from the beginning to the end of the school year. 50 questions including, matching, multiple choice, and fill in the blank, there will be a U.S. blank map where you will have to label the 50 states on the exam. Use the review questions below to help you study for the final exam. Know the questions and the answers. 

U.S. History 1st Semester Review Questions:

Portugal- European nation that first discovered a sea route to Asia

Aztecs- a highly civilized Indian culture in Mexico

Marco Polo - journeyed to China during the rule of Kublai Khan

Christopher Columbus - first modern European to reach the West Indies

Amerigo Vespucci - realized the discovery of a new continent

Ferdinand Magellan - his crew was the first to circumnavigate the globe

Philip II - powerful Spanish ruler

English - ruler Elizabeth I who approved the colonization of North America

Jamestown-captain John Smith whose discipline helped to survive

Francis Drake  - attacked the ships of Spain

Jamestown-The first permanent English settlement in America

St. Lawrence River-  Cartier discovered this river

New France- Champlain became the "Father" of this region

Marquette and Joliet- first French explorers of the Mississippi 1673

George Washington- his nickname was ole fox

Mississippi River - la Salle was the first to sail down this river and claim for King of France

manufacturing at home- domestic system

Battle of Yorktown-final battle of the Revolutionary War. Lost by British general Cornwallis

steamship - Robert Fulton invented this water transportation vessel

Lewis & Clarkexplored the Louisiana Purchase for President Jefferson

New Orleans- French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte closed this port of New Orleans

Mandan- Lewis and Clark spent the winter with these people

Sacagawea- she helped Lewis and Clark expedition

Louisiana Purchase- Greatest real estate deal in American history

sectionalism- term is the dividing of the country because of differing issues

Revivals - second great awakening sponsored these during the 1st 1/2 of the 19th century

Manifest Destiny- the idea that the United States was to expand from "sea to shining sea"

western expansionists- "Fifty-four forty of fight" was the battle cry of this group

Bear Flag Revolt - California's revolution was known as this

Compromise of 1850- California admitted as a Free state, Organize rest of Mexican Cession,
                                   Texas cede land for 10 million, Slave trade prohibited  in D.C.

slavery.  -obviously wrong, Discouraged immigration and skilled labor, Slavery caused the South
               to develop more distinct and defined social classes, Slavery was costly for plantation owners.

Civil War   all names for this war Mr. Lincoln's War, Jeff Davis's War, War of Rebellion,
                  War for Southern Independence.

causes of the Civil War- South Carolina secedes from the Union, Lincoln raises an army to preserve
                                         the Union, South rises to preserve states' rights, South preserve economic lifestyle

Gettysburg- this battle became the the turning point of the War

A.E. Burnsides- Union General was more famous for his bushy side burns than his generalship

Andrew Carnegie- best remembered for  his philanthropic endeavors Carnegie Hall

Civil War inventions - sole-sewing machine,  packaged cereals, canned food

entrepreneur- a person who takes business risks in the hopes of someday making a profit

Alexander Bell - patented the telephone

Robber Barons- 19th century businessmen and bankers who dominated their respective industries
                             and amassed huge personal fortunes.        
John D. Rockefeller -developed Standard Oil Co

Second Semester Review Terms:

49ers  California gold seekers

59ers Colorado gold seekers Pikes Peak or bust

89ers Oklahoma land seekers

Causes of the Spanish American War   American sympathy toward,  Cuban suffering,   yellow journalism,   de Lome letter, Sinking of the USS Alabama.

Panama Canal   canal was cut through the Isthmus of Panama

Upton Sinclair    He wrote  The Jungle  portrayed conditions in Chicago's large meat packing houses

recruiting slogan for the navy    "join the navy, see the world"

Henry Ford  He started the assembly line and made cars so the average could afford one.

attacked American citizens in northern Mexico    Pancho Villa

General John Pershing  President Wilson sent him into Mexico to capture the bandit

Great Society   LBJ's Social programs

Jimmy Carter   President during Camp David Peace Accords

President during WWI  Woodrow Wilson

Wounded Knee  last battle with U.S. Government vs. Indians

Prosecutor at Scopes Trial  William J. Bryan

President Reagan sent troops to free Communist Cubans  Grenada

Apollo XI  crew members Collins, Armstrong, Aldrin

Manuel Noriega  President of Panama, overthrown when Panama was invaded

Supreme Court legalized abortion  Roe vs. Wade

Spokesman for detente   Nixon and H. Kissinger

1st women Supreme Court justice  Sandra Day O'Connor

63 American hostages in? country Iran

VP for Republican Reagan  George  Bush

Great Communicator  Ronald Reagan

Greatest inventor  Edison

Book by Margaret Mitchell  Gone with the Wind 

Baseball player evangelist  Billy Sunday

Good Neighbor Policy  Foreign policy of FDR

Rockefeller  leading businessman in oil

Louisiana Purchase  greatest real estate deal in America

Mark Twain  best local color author

Cyrus McCormick  invented the mechanical reaper

Watergate  scandal involving President Nixon

President for New Frontier  JFK

President for 2 non-consecutive terms  Grover Cleveland

"Return to Normalcy"  President Warren Harding

President sent troops to Haiti and Bosnia  Clinton

President who stood against Communism  Ronald Reagan

New Deal  FDR

"Speak softly" but carry a big stick   Teddy Roosevelt

Only President and Chief Justice  William Howard Taft

President at beginning of Depression  Hoover

Fair Deal President  Truman

Persian Gulf War President  George Bush

Be able to label all 50 states on a blank map