#44     War in the East

  

Watch Episode Two of Civil War Blood and Glory Pt 1  Start at 43:00

Iron and Steel Weapons

1. Battle of Hampton Roads tried to bust up the Union blockade.

2. Railroads supplied the front lines / Union had great advantage.

3. Telegraph communication / photography  

53:33  

Deadlier Weapons

1.  grooved rifle muskets, minie-ball

2. Spencer repeating rifle

3. hot air balloons

 

1:01:00

   The Tide Turns / War in the North

1. Battle of Antietam Creek 

2. bloodiest single day of the Civil War 24,000 casualties.

3. long range gun fire

4. field hospitals tended to the wounded

 

1:06:10  

A War of Words

1. Telegraph was the iphone of the day

2. Emancipation Proclamation freed the slaves

3. Now freed slaves can join the Union Army

4. 180,000 men of color fought in the war.

1:11:10  

Death Trap

Confederates needed a tactical advantage

1. the Hunley first confederate submarine.

2. sunk by the Union all perished.

1:15:46  

Fire in the Sky / New cannons 

1. incendiary bombs terrorize cities

2. Swamp Angel heavy artillery 

3. New technology is going to win the war

Last Update: November 29, 2016

 

 

Most people believed a quick, decisive duel held somewhere between Washington, D.C., and Richmond, Virginia, would end the war.

 

 

 

OK PASS Objectives

Content Standard 1: The student will analyze causes, key events, and effects of the Civil War/Reconstruction era.

1860 presidential election, secession of South Carolina, and the attack on Fort Sumter). 

First Battle of Bull Run 

AKA fiasco @ Manassas Junction

South wins the battle as the North panics and flees


    South: Gen "Stonewall" Jackson, Christian General 

 

North's strategy

"Anaconda Plan "

   1.  Capture Richmond,
        Virginia. Capital of the
        Confederacy

   2.  Control the Mississippi
        River and split  the
        Confederacy into two
         isolated sections.
Map

   3.  March through Georgia
        and further divide the South

   4.  Blockade the Southern
        coastline.

South's Strategy:

OK PASS Objectives

Content Standard 1: The student will analyze causes, key events, and effects of the Civil War/Reconstruction era.

 

4. Interpret the importance of critical developments in the war, including major battles

(e.g., Fort Sumter, “Anaconda Plan,” Bull Run, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, Antietam, battle of the Monitor and Merrimack, and the North’s “total war strategy”).


Lincoln puts Gen McClellan in command (good organizer but bad military tactician)

Peninsular Campaign General Lee (South), defeats General McClellan (North) map

3. Identify political and military leaders of the war (e.g., Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee,

4. Interpret the importance of critical developments in the war, including major battles

 

Lee then defeats General Pope (North) in the Second Battle of Manassas and clears Virginia of federal troops.

Lee then attacks the North at Antietam Creek.   map Sept 17, 1862, it was the bloodiest single day of the Civil War 24,000 casualties.

 

OK PASS Objectives

(e.g., Fort Sumter, “Anaconda Plan,” Bull Run, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, Antietam, battle of the Monitor and Merrimack, and the North’s “total war strategy”).

"Fighting Joe Hooker" was put in command of 130,000 Union troops determined to defeat Lee.

Battle of Chancellorsville Lee defeated Hooker but it was the South's costliest victory: loss of General "Stonewall" Jackson

Watch Civil War in the East Summary 1 min video

 
Lee's victories in the East: 1. kept Richmond from being captured, 2. morale boost to the South, weariness to the North, 3. prolonged the war.  

Lee then marches to Pennsylvania: 

Battle of Gettysburg, July 1863 : costly victory for the North, 50,000 causalities on both sides, map

Gettysburg:  the turning point of the War

Watch Gettysburg "Picket's Charge" 5 min video or Watch Battle of Gettysburg 7 min video

Lincoln commemorates cemetery in the Gettysburg Address

Watch Gettysburg Address 3 min video

OK PASS Objectives

4. Interpret the importance of critical developments in the war, including major battles

(e.g., Fort Sumter, “Anaconda Plan,” Bull Run, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, Antietam, battle of the Monitor and Merrimack, and the North’s “total war strategy”).

 

 

 

Monitor (North) & Merrimac (South) ironclads battled to a draw

Watch Monitor and Merrimac video

 

What did we learn today?

What was the North's strategy?

What was the significance of Lee's vidtories in the East ?

 

kk

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Photo Credits:

1861 map : http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://americancivilwar.com/tl/1861_east_large.

Civil War Battles: http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/56/4856-004-0ECA8A22.gif

Peninsular Campaign: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/08/Seven_Days_June_26-27.jpg

Hooker: http://rlv.zcache.com/general_fighting_joe_hooker_1865_poster-p228257807957050484qzz0_400.jpg

Jackson: http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/78/1778-004-15B36B6E.jpg

Lincoln: http://grizzlymedia.files.wordpress.com/2007/11/gettysburg-address.jpg

Gettysburg: http://ro3011.k12.sd.us/event/pics/battle%20pics/gettysburg.jpg