#78    War in the Pacific  ch 22

Last Update: November 14, 2015

OK PASS Objectives

Pacific Theater  1942-1945

Content Standard 5: The student will analyze the major causes, events, and effects of United States’ involvement in World War II.

2. Describe events affecting the outcome of World War II.
A. Identify major battles, military turning points, and key strategic decisions in both the European and Pacific Theaters of operation(e.g., Pearl Harbor ; Battle of Midway; the D-Day Invasion; Battle of the Bulge; the development and use of the atomic bomb; island-hopping strategy, such as Iwo Jima;

 

Island Hopping   strategy used by the U.S. to capture an island then use it as a base assault on the next island moving steadily toward Japan

         Watch USS Enterprise 3 min video

2. Describe events affecting the outcome of World War II.
A. Identify major battles, military turning points, and key strategic decisions

island-hopping strategy, such as Iwo Jima;

General MacArthur   escapes the Philippines but promises "I shall return"
Bataan Death March -  Captured Americans were forced to march to prison camps  
Look at Power Point of Death March
 


Colonel Jimmy Doolittle
led a group of B-25
bombers
to attack
and bomb Tokyo

 

Jacob DeShazer  one of Doolittle's pilots who was  captured, tortured and later returned as a missionary to Japan.  Above left is a pic of Fuchida who led the attack on Pearl Harbor and DeShazer gift of a Bible.

            Watch Tokyo Rose: 3 min video:

 
Pacific Battles

Coral Sea    first naval battle in which the enemy ships never saw each other.  Radar

Midway Naval Battle -  the turning point in the battle to control the Pacific

Guadalcanal first real engagement of fighting soldiers heavy losses on both sides   

Leyte Gulf Japan lost almost all of its remaining ships and planes

 Iwo Jima / Desperate Japanese use suicide "bonzi" tactics to defend the island.

 
2. Describe events affecting the outcome of World War II.
A. Identify major battles, military turning points, and key strategic decisions in both the European and Pacific Theaters of operation(e.g., Pearl Harbor ; Battle of Midway; the development and use of the atomic bomb; island-hopping strategy, such as Iwo Jima;

WWII Memorial

Famous photo from the Pulitzer prize-winning photo by news photographer Joe Rosenthal.

 

 

The Final Drive

Okinawa / Last major battle in the Pacific Theater    Read p 530.  

Why did the Japanese offer desperate resistance?  

Because it was a mere 350 miles from the Japanese homeland

How many Japanese were killed?  

All 100,000  "Bonsai" tactics 

2. Describe events affecting the outcome of World War II.
A. Identify major battles, military turning points, and key strategic decisions in both the European and Pacific Theaters of operation the development and use of the atomic bomb; island-hopping strategy, such as Iwo Jima;

What did the Japanese do with the Potsdam Declaration,
              calling on the Japanese to surrender?

The Japanese refused to heed the Allied call to surrender.
 

Kamikazes- suicide planes loaded with explosives

Manhattan Project-  building the atomic bomb

 

 

                                                                                                                 Watch President Truman 10 min video
                                                                                                                 Watch USS Indianappolis 3min video

Truman's decision: 

To use or not use the bomb.                                                                                                             
    Hiroshima Aug 6th 1945 /Nagasaki Aug 9 first time an atomic bomb is used during war

 

 

V-J Day Sept 1945

Hiroshima

DAMAGE REPORT
Some 90,000 to 100,000 persons are killed immediately; about 145,000 persons will perish from the bombing by the end of 1945.

Emperor Hirohito  surrenders September 2 1945

   

2. Describe events affecting the outcome of World War II.
A. Identify major battles, military turning points, and key strategic decisions in both the European and Pacific Theaters of operation the development and use of the atomic bomb; island-hopping strategy, such as Iwo Jima;
   

Photo Credits:

Baatan: http://www.darleenclick.com/weblog/archives/bataandm.jpg

DeShazer: http://www.rmock.com/articles/ww2/fuchida.jpg

Kamakasi: http://domfernando.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/kamikaze.jpg

Hirohito: http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/41969000/jpg/_41969716_hirohito_300.jpg

Okinawa: http://www.b-29s-over-korea.com/Japanese_Kamikaze/images/The-Battle-of-Okinawa.jpg