#54   Western Expansion  ch 17 Last Update: November 13, 2015

I see over my own continent the Pacific railroad surmounting every barrier. I see continual trains of cars winding along the Platte, carrying freight and passengers. I hear the locomotives rushing and roaring... 
Walt Whitman

How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him who brings good tidings, who publishes peace, who brings good tidings of good, who publishes salvation, who says to Zion, Your God reigns! Isaiah 52:7


By 1860 Railroads carried about 2/3 of
    the nation's internal trade.  Today trucks
    carry about 3/4 ths .

OK PASS Objectives

 

Content Standard 2: The student will analyze the impact of immigration, the settlement of the American West 1,2,3,4,5,6

1. Analyze the impact of immigration, migration and settlement patterns.1,2,3,4

Transcontinental railroad -
        first to link the Atlantic and Pacific coast
  1.  Union Pacific started from Omaha, Ne
  2.  Central Pacific started from Sacramento, Ca


                                                                                   Watch Transcontinental RR the Most Competitive 4min video:
 
 

Land Grants RR companies were allotted in alternate sections, forming a checkerboard pattern 5 miles on each side of the track-

land grants - RR  companies could sell their land or use it as security for a loan.

Watch America the Story of Us Transcontinental RR 12 min video

 

Promontory Point - the place in Utah where the two railroad lines met.
    1. May 10, 1869 -  golden spike driven-
    2.  Reduced  3 month journey to 1 week.


Watch Jesse James Train Robbery
4 min video

 

Miners find gold and silver in Colorado 59ers  
                       "Pikes peak or Bust"  most busted

    Comstock Lode famous silver mine yielded 300mil in
                                   silver in first 20 yrs.
in Virginia City, Nevada
                                   
                                                                              Watch 5 min video on Silver Mining / Comstock Lode

 

Mining towns spread up overnight first tent cities
-

    Some towns eventually turned into Ghost Towns

 
Frontier Justice   "get a rope" vigilantes meted out swift, just justice
                                                                            
Watch Vigilante Justice 6min video:
                                                                                                                       Watch Wyatt Earp 4 min video:

                                                                                          1984 subway vigilante
 


  Cowboys and  Farmers on the Plains 

Railroads connected the four dollar cow with the forty-dollar market.

A. Identify the impact of new inventions and industrial production methods , including new technologies in transportation and communication
between 1850-1920 barbed wire, and the western cattle drives).

Texas longhorns :

lean, hardy, fleet of foot, and ill-tempered

OK PASS Objectives

Content Standard 2: The student will analyze the impact of immigration, the settlement of the American West

Chisholm Trail

Indian trader Jesse Chisholm first marked this famous cattle trail for his wagons. 

By 1870 thousands of Texas longhorn cattle were being driven over the Chisholm Trail to the railhead shipping center at Abilene.

By 1871 as many as 5,000 cowboys were often paid off during a single day. Abilene became known as the roughest town in the West.

A. Identify the impact of new inventions and industrial production methods , including new technologies in transportation and communication
between 1850-1920 barbed wire, and the western cattle drives).

Homestead Act

  most important factor to stimulate Western settlement

  Watch America Story of Us Homesteaders 9min video

    1.  Settlers could acquire up to 160 acres of land (quarter section)
         by simply living on it for five years,

    2.  improve the land
    3.  paying a nominal title fee of  $10.00.


  Sod House

Cooking stove inside Sod house

 

OK PASS Objectives

 

Content Standard 2: The student will analyze the impact of immigration, the settlement of the American West

1. Analyze the impact of immigration, migration and settlement patterns.

Pioneers faced a rough life lived in dugouts or sod houses
    Fuel, water, and food were not easily available on the Great Plains
                                                                                                                                                                Watch 6.5 min video on Sod Homes:
 
Inventions for prairie farmers
 

Joseph Glidden  invented Barbed Wire                                                             Watch Barbed Wire 2 min video  
   

John Deere steel plow

Other inventions:

windmill, irrigation,
  drought-resistant wheat

New states were added to the union , ,

Oklahoma Land Run  3min  video